G1085_γένος
schepping, nakomelingschap, geslacht, generatie, volk
Taal: Grieks

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genos̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

γένος, -ους, τό (< γίγνομαι), [in LXX for עַם H5971, מִין H4327, זֶרַע H2233, etc.;] 1. family: Ac 4:6 7:13 13:26. 2. offspring: Ac 17:28, 29, Re 22:16. 3. race, nation; Mk 7:28, Ac 4:36 7:19 18:2, 24, II Co 11:26, Phl 3:5, Ga 1:14, I Pe 2:9. 4. kind, sort, class: Mt 13:47 17:21, Rec., Mk 9:29, I Co 12:10, 28 14:10.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

γένος, εος
  or ους, τό, race, stock, kin, ἀμφοτέροισιν ὁμὸν γ. ἠδ᾽ ἴα πάτρη Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.354; αἷμά τε καὶ γ. Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.583; ὑμετέρου δ᾽ οὐκ ἔστι γένεος βασιλεύτερον 15.533; γένος πατέρων αἰσχυνέμεν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.209; γ. ἀπόλωλε τοκήων Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.62; ὅθι τοι γένος ἐστὶ καὶ αὐτῇ 6.35: frequently abs. in acc., ἐξ Ἰθάκης γένος εἰμί from Ithaca I am by race, 15.267, compare Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.544, 896, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 239, etc. ; in Attic dialect frequently with the Article, ποδαπὸς τὸ γένος εἶ ; Aristophanes Comicus “Pax” 186, compare Plato Philosophus “Sophista” 216a : so in dative, γένει πολῖται Demosthenes Orator 23.24 ; γένει υἱός, opposed to an adopted son, prev. author 44.2 ; οἱ ἐν γένει, ={συγγενεῖς}, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1430; οἱ ἔξω γένους prev. author “Ant.” 660; οὐδὲν ἐν γένει prev. author “OT” 1016; γένει προσήκειν τινί Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.6.1; γένει ἀπωτέρω εἶναι Demosthenes Orator 44.13: in gen., γένους εἶναί τινος to be of his race, ἄναγνος καὶ γένους τοῦ Λαΐου Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1383, compare Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 4.2.9 ; ἐγγυτέρω, ἐγγύτατα γένους, nearer, next of kin, Isaeus Orator 8.33, Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 388.
__2 direct descent, opposed to collateral relationship, γένος γάρ, ἀλλ᾽ οὐχὶ συγγένεια Isaeus Orator 8.33 ; αἱ κατὰ γένος βασιλεῖαι hereditary monarchies, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1285a16, 1313a10.
__II offspring, even of a single descendant, σὸν γ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.124, 21.186; ἡ δ᾽ ἄρ᾽ ἔην θεῖον γ. οὐδ᾽ ἀνθρώπων 6.180; ἁμὸν Οἰδίπου γ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 654 ; Διὸς γ., of Bacchus, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 1117 (Lyric poetry); Τέκμησσα, δύσμορον γ. prev. author “Aj.” 784.
__II.2 collectively, offspring, posterity, ἐκεῖνοι καὶ τὸ γ. τὸ ἀπ᾽ ἐκείνων Thucydides Historicus 1.126; ἐξώλη ποιεῖν αὐτὸν καὶ γ. καὶ οἰκίαν Demosthenes Orator 19.71.
__III generally, race, of beings, θεῶν Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 960; ἡμιθέων γ. ἀνδρῶν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 12.23 ; ἡμιόνων, βοῶν γ., Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.852, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 20.212 ; ἵππειον γ., i.e. mules, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 342; ἰχθύων πλωτὸν γ. prev. author “fragment” 941.9.
__III.b clan, house, family, Herodotus Historicus 1.125, etc.; Φρὺξ μὲν γενεῇ, γένεος δὲ τοῦ βασιληΐου prev. work 35 ; τοὺς ἀπὸ γένους men of noble family, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Romulus” 21; ἱερεὺς κατὰ γ. “IG” 5(1).497, al.; also ἱέρεια ἀπὸ γένους, διὰ γένους, prev. work607.29,602; especially at Athens and elsewhere as a subdivision of the φρατρία, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ath. fragment” 3, Plato Philosophus Alcaeus1.120e, etc. ; = Latin gens, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 4.21, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Numa” 1.
__III.c tribe, as a subdivision of ἔθνος, Herodotus Historicus 1.56, 101.
__III.d caste, prev. author 2.164.
__III.e of animals, breed, prev. author 4.29.
__III.2 age, generation, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.245 ; γ. χρύσεον, etc., Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 109 : hence, age, time of life, γένει ὕστερος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.215, compare Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1408a27.
__IV sex, Epicharmus Comicus 172.1, Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 189d ; gender, Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1407b7, Diogenes Babylonius Stoicus 3.214, etc.
__V class, sort, kind, τὰ γ. τῶν κυνῶν ἐστι δισσά Xenophon Historicus “Cynegeticus” 3.1; τὸ φιλόσοφον γ. Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 501e ; τὸ τῶν γεωργῶν γ. prev. author “Ti.” 17c, compare “R.” 434b, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1329a27; τῶν ἰχθυοπωλῶν γ. Xenarchus Comicus 7.4; τὸ τῶν παρασίτων γ. Nicolaus Rhetor Comedy texts 1.1, etc.
__V.2 in Logic, opposed to εἶδος (species), Plato Philosophus “Parmenides” 129c, al., Aristoteles Philosophus “Topica” 102a31, 102b12, al.; τὰ γ. εἰς εἴδη πλείω καὶ διαφέροντα διαιρεῖται prev. author “Metaph.” 1059b36.
__V.3 in the animal kingdom, τὰ μέγιστα γ., = the modern “Classes” , such as birds, fishes, prev. author “HA” 490b7, compare 505b26 ; so in the vegetable kingdom, γένη τὰ μέγιστα, ={σιτώδη, χεδροπά} and ἀνώνυμα, Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 8.1.1.
__V.3.b genus, τὸ τῶν καρκίνων γ., τὸ τῶν περιστερῶν γ., etc., Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 487b17, 488a4; τῶν δένδρων καὶ τῶν φυτῶν εἴδη πλείω τυγχάνει καθ᾽ ἕκαστον γένος Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 1.14.3; τοῦ αὐτοῦ γένους πίτυς καὶ πεύκη Dioscorides (Dioscurides) Medicus 1.69, al.
__V.3.c γένος τι a species of plant, Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 4.8.13 ; so later, γένη, = crops, ἄλλοις γένεσι τοῖς πρὸς πυρὸν διοικουμένοις “PTeb.” 66.43, al. (2nd c.BC) ; οἷς ἐὰν αἱρῶμαι γένεσι πλὴν κνήκου “PAmh.” 2.91.15 (2nd c.AD) ; produce, POxy. 727.20 (2nd c.AD) ; materials, prev. work54.16 (3rd c.AD) ; ἐν γένεσιν in kind, opposed to ἐν ἀργυρίῳ, “PFay.” 21.10 (2nd c.AD).
__V.4 τὰ γ. the elements, Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 54b . (Cf. Sanskrit jánas, genitive jánasas; Latin genus, -eris, see at {γίγνομαι}.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀγενής G36 "laag (gemeen), laf, gemeen"; Grieks ἀλλογενής G241 "vreemdeling, allochtoon, buitenlander"; Grieks γενεά G1074 "geboorte, afstamming, geslacht"; Grieks γεννάω G1080 "geboren worden, verwekt worden"; Grieks γίνομαι G1096 "worden, gebeuren"; Grieks συγγενής G4773 "bloedverwant, verwant aan, landgenoot";

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