G1311_διαφθείρω
bederven, verwoesten, vernietigen
Taal: Grieks

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diaftheiro̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

δια-φθείρω [in LXX chiefly for שׁחת H7843 hi. ;] 1. to destroy utterly: Lk 12:33, Re 11:18; pass., to be destroyed, disabled: Re 8:9, II Co 4:16. 2. In moral sense, to corrupt, deprave: τ. γῆν, Re 11:18; pass., διεφθαρμένοι τ. νοῦν, I Ti 6:5.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

διαφθείρω,
  future -φθερῶ Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 438, etc. , Epic dialect -φθέρσω Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.625 : perfect διέφθαρκα Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 226, Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 30d, etc.; also διέφθορα (see. below 111) :— passive, future διαφθᾰρήσομαι Thucydides Historicus 4.37 ; Ionic dialect διαφθερέομαι Herodotus Historicus 8.108, 9.42 : 3rd.pers. plural pluperfect διεφθάρατο prev. author 8.90 :—destroy utterly, πόλιν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.625; ἔργα διαφθείρεσκε Herodotus Historicus 1.36 ; make away with, kill, τινά prev. author 9.88, etc. ; destroy, ruin, ἥδ᾽ ἡμέρα φύσει σε καὶ διαφθερεῖ S. same place; τὴν τύχην prev. author “Ph.” 1069 ; δ. χεῖρα weaken, slacken one's hand, Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 1055 ; spoil, break, ὑγιῆ λίθον “IG” 7.3073.33 (Lebad., 2nd c.BC) ; τὰ θυρώματα διεφθάρθαι “IG” 22.1046.11 ; δ. τὴν συνουσίαν break up the party, Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 338d.
__2 in moral sense, corrupt, ruin, γνώμην Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 932 ; δ. τοὺς νέους, τοὺς νεωτέρους, Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 30b, 25a; νεανίσκον συνὼν δ. Eupolis Comicus 337 ; especially corrupt by bribes, Herodotus Historicus 5.51; ἀργυρίῳ δ. τινά Lysias Orator 28.9; διαφθειρομένων ἐπὶ χρήμασι Demosthenes Orator 18.45 ; δ. γυναῖκα seduce a woman, Lysias Orator 1.16, etc., compare Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 318 (Pass.) ; δ. τοὺς νόμους falsify, counterfeit them, Isocrates Orator 18.11; γραμματεῖον prev. author 17.33 (Pass., prev. work24) ; τὰ φεφ αδηκότα “IG” 9(1).334.37 (Locr., 5th c.BC).
__3 οὐδὲν διαφθείρας τοῦ χρώματος having changed nothing of his colour, Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 117b.
__4 of a woman, to lose by miscarriage or premature birth, ἔμβρυα, βρέφος, Hippocrates Medicus “ἀφορισμοί” 5.53, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.242c : absolutely, miscarry, Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 7.73, Isaeus Orator 8.36 :—passive, τῶν διαφθαρεισῶν τὰ ἔμβρυα Hippocrates Medicus “γυναικεῖα” 1.72.
__5 lose, forget, Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 389.
__6 ={διάγω}, uncertain in prev. author “fragment” 280.
__II passive, to be destroyed, δ. ἐπὶ τοῖς ἱματίοις to be murdered for the clothes he wore, Antipho Orator 2.2.5 ; of animals, frequently in Papyrus, “POxy.” 74.14 (2nd c.AD), etc. ; especially to be crippled, disabled, Herodotus Historicus 1.34 ; of ships, prev. work 166, Andocides Orator 1.142 ; to be spoilt, γάλα “BGU” 1109.11 (1st c.BC),compare Thucydides Historicus 7.84 ; to be corrupted, αἷμα Galenus Medicus 15.297, al.; τὴν ἀκοὴν διεφθαρμένος deaf, Herodotus Historicus 1.38 ; τὰ σκέλεα διεφθάρησαν had their legs broken, prev. author 8.28; διέφθαρμαι δέμας τὸ πᾶν Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 1056; τὰ ὄμματα δ. blinded, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 517a; σὰς φρένας Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 1192 ; τὸ φρενῶν διαφθαρέν, ={φρενοβλάβεια}, prev. author “Or.” 297, compare Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 4.1.8: abs., διεφθαρμένος decomposed, of a corpse, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 614b.
__III perfect διέφθορα intransitive, to have lost one's wits, διέφθορας Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.128; also in Hippocrates Medicus, διεφθορὸς αἷμα corrupted blood, “Mul.” 2.134 ; frequently in later Prose, γάλα δ. ἤδη Josephus Historicus “Antiquitates Judaicae” 5.5.4; τὰ δ. σώματα Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.87c, compare 128e, Lucianus Sophista “Sol.” 3, etc. ; but,
__III.2 in Trag. and Comedy texts always transitive compare (5th c.AD(?): Ammonius Epigrammaticus 42, Moeris Grammaticus 127), τὰς.. ἐλπίδας διέφθορεν Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 306; τὰς φρένας διέφθορε.. μοναρχία Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 1014; τὸν λόγον δ. Cratinus Comicus 292, compare Eupolis Comicus same place, Pherecrates Comicus 145.15, Aristophanes Comicus “Fragmenta” 490, Menander Comicus 3.
__IV aorist διέφθειρα intransitive, became corrupt, LXX.Josh.2.19.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀδιαφθορία G90 "onbedorvenheid, onvervalstheid, zuiverheid"; Grieks διαφθορά G1312 "vernietiging, bederf"; Grieks φθείρω G5351 "fqeirw";

Literatuur


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