G1907_ἐπέχω
vasthouden aan, toepassen, waarnemen, uitweiden, afgaan op, tegenhouden
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epecho̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἐπ-έχω [in LXX for חָדַל H2308, etc.; also Si 8:1 31(34):2, II Mac 5:25 9:25, al. ;] 1. to hold upon. 2. Like παρέχω (as in Hom., al.), to hold out, offer: λόγον ζωῆς, Phl 2:16. 3. to hold or direct towards, Sc.νοῦν; (a) absol., to intend, purpose; (b) to observe, give attention to (v. MM, Exp., xiv): seq. πῶς, Lk 14:7; c. dat. pers., Ac 3:5, I Ti 4:16. 4. to stay, wait: Ac 19:22 (in legal phrase, MM, Exp., l.c.).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἐπέχω,
  future ἐφέξω (see. infr. IV. 1, 2) and ἐπισχήσω Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 160, Demosthenes Orator 45.88 : aorist ἐπέσχον, imperative ἐπίσχες, infinitive ἐπισχεῖ; poetry ἐπισχέθοι Aeschylus Tragicus {4-5th c.BC} “Septem contra Thebas” 453 (Lyric poetry), ἐπέσχεθον Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 4.1622 : perfect ἐπέσχηκα “Supp.epigram” 1.362.12 (Samos, 4th c.BC):—have or hold upon, θρῆνυν.., τῷ κεν ἐπισχοίης (variant{ἐπίσχοιας}) λιπαροὺς πόδας Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.241, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 17.410; ποτῷ κρωσσὸν ἐ. hold it to or for.., Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 13.46; λόγον ζωῆς ἐπέχοντες (i.e. κόσμῳ) holding it out like a torch, NT.Phil.2.16:—middle, hold by, χειρός Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 4.751 .
__II hold out to, present, offer, οἶνον ἐπισχών Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.489; ἐπέσχε τε οἶνον ἐρυθρόν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 16.444; κοτύλην.. ἐπέσχε Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.494 ; εἴ ποτέ τοι.. μαζὸν ἐπέσχον prev. work 83, compare Euripides Tragicus “Andr.” 225; also γάλακτι δ᾽ οὐκ ἐπέσχον οὐδὲ μαστῷ τροφεῖα ματρός I offered not mother's food with my breast, prev\. author “Ion” 1492 : with infinitive, πιεῖν ἐπέσχον Aristophanes Comicus {5-6th c.BC} “Nubes” 1382 : absolutely, prev\. author “Pax” 1167: —middle, ἐπισχόμενος (i.e. τὴν κύλικα) ἐξέπιεν having put it to his lips, Plato Philosophus “Phd.” 117c, compare Stesichorus Lyricus 7, Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 1.472, Lucianus Sophista “Tox.” 37; ἐπὶ χείλεσι.. μαστὸν ἐπισχομένη Euphorio Epicus 92 ; present a sum of money, τῇ πόλει “Supp.epigram” prev. cited
__II.2 extend, spread out, τὴν πλεκτάνην Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 550b6 .
__II.3 simply, hold, σκῆπτρα “IPE” 2.37 (from Panticapaeum) ; of writings, contain, Philostratus Sophista “VS” 2.24.2, compare 2.9.1.
__II.4 enjoin, impose a task, with dative person, Procopius Caesariensis Historicus “Arc.” 17, “Vand.” 1.8.
__III hold or direct towards, ἔπεχε τόξον σκοπῷ Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 2.89; ἄλλῳ ἐπεῖχε τόξα Euripides Tragicus “Hercules Furens” 984 :— middle, absolutely, ἐπισχόμενος βάλεν ἰῷ having aimed at him he hit him, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 22.15.
__III.b intransitive, aim at, attack, τί μοι ὧδ᾽ ἐπέχει; why thus launch out against me? 19.71; in tmesi, ἐπὶ αὐτῷ πάντες ἔχωμεν 22.75; ἀλλήλοις ἐ. {8-7th c.BC}: Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 711; ἄνδρα ἐπέχοντα τῷ Πύρρῳ Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus {1-2nd c.AD} “Pyrrhus” 16; ἐπέχειν ἐπί τινα Herodotus Historicus 9.59; τὰς ἐπὶ σφίσι ναῦς ἐπεχούσας Thucydides Historicus 8.105; πρός τι Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus {1-2nd c.AD} “Antonius” 66 : with dative, ἀκτῇσιν ἐπέσχεθον held straight for the beach, Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 4.1766: abs., Euripides Tragicus “Ba.” 1131.
__III.2 ἐπέχειν τὴν διάνοιαν ἐπί τινι direct one's mind to a thing, Plato Philosophus “Lg.” 926b; τῷ πολέμῳ τὴν γνώμην Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus {1-2nd c.AD} “Aemilius Paulus” 8 , etc.; also ἐ. ἑαυτόν τινι attend to him, Plato Philosophus “R.” 399b codices
__III.2.b absolutely, ἐπέχειν (i.e. τὸν νοῦν) intend, purpose, with infinitive, ἐπεῖχε ἐλλάμψεσθαι Herodotus Historicus 1.80, compare 153, 6.96: with dative rei, to be intent upon, ταῖς ἀρχαῖς, διαβάσει, etc., Aristophanes Comicus “Lys.” 490, Polybius Historicus 3.43.2, etc.
__III.3 stand facing, face in a line of battle, οὗτοι (i.e. οἱ Μῆδοι) ἐπέσχον Κορινθίους Herodotus Historicus 9.31 .
__IV hold back, keep in check, ἐπέσχε δὲ καλὰ ῥέεθρα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.244; καὶ πῶς ἐπέσχε χεῖρα μαιμῶσαν φόνο; Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 50 ; ἐπισχὼν ἡνίαν prev. work 847; ἐπίσχωμεν τὸ πλεῖν prev\. author “Ph.” 881; ὀργάς Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 1642; οὐκ ἐφέξετε στόμ; prev\. author “Hec.” 1283 ; χρησμοὺς ἐ. withhold them, prev\. author “Ph.” 866; ἐπέχειν τινὰ τῷ ξύλῳ keep him down with the stick, Aristophanes Comicus “Pax” 1121; τὸ εὐθέως ἐπιχειρεῖν Thucydides Historicus 7.33 ; confine, as the earth a corpse, “AP” 7.461 (Meleager Epigrammaticus); ἐ. τῇ χειρὶ τὸ στόμα _cover,_ Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus {1-2nd c.AD} “Cat.Mi.” 28; ἐπέχομεν τὴν ἐκπνοήν Galenus Medicus 6.172; τὰς διαχωρήσεις ἐ. prev\. author Vict. Attic. 12 :—middle, ἐπισχόμενος τὰ ὦτα Plato Philosophus {5-6th c.BC} “Symposium” 216a :—passive, τοῦ βάθους ἐπεσχημένου Josephus Historicus “Antiquitates Judaicae” 5.1.3 ; to be prevented, hindered, ὑπό τινος “PFreib.” 11.13 (4th c.AD) ; of the menses, Galenus Medicus 1.184.
__IV.b stay or adjourn proceedings, τὰ πρὸς Ἀργείους Thucydides Historicus 5.46 ; τὴν ζημίαν καὶ τὴν κατασκαφήν prev. work 63; τὴν δίαιταν Demosthenes Orator 21.84 ; suspend payments, in passive, “PTeb.” 337.4 (2nd-3rd c.AD), compare “PGiss.” 48.11 (3rd c.AD).
__IV.c ἐ. τινά τινος _stop, hinder from,?? Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 160, Aristophanes Comicus “Lys.” 742, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 13.87 : with infinitive, σε μήτε νὺξ μήτε ἡμέρα ἐπισχέτω ὥστε ἀνεῖναι.. let them not stop thee so that thou neglect.., Thucydides Historicus 1.129; ἐ. τινὰ μὴ πράσσειν τι Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 517, “Ph.” 349; κλαυθμυρίζον τὸ βρέφος ἐπισχεῖν μὴ δυνάμεναι Soranus Medicus 1.88 :—passive, μηδενὸς ἐπεχομένου no objection being taken, PTeb. 327.37 (2nd c.AD).
__IV.d impersonal, ἐπέχει _there is a hindrance,?? Astrampsychus Onirocriticus “Oracle texts” 97.3 .
__IV.2 absolutely, stay, pause, Ἀντίνοος δ᾽ ἔτ᾽ ἐπεῖχε Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 21.186 ; refrain, Herodotus Historicus 1.32, 5.51, 7.139; εἰ δ᾽ ἐφέξετον if you tarry, Sophocles Tragicus “El.” 1369, etc.: followed by a Conj., especially in imper., ἐπίσχες ἢν.. wait and see whether.., Euripides Tragicus “Supp.” 397; ἐπίσχες ἔστ᾽ ἂν.. προσμάθῃς Aeschylus Tragicus {4-5th c.BC} “Prometheus Vinctus” 697; ἐ. ἕως.. Demosthenes Orator 4.1; μέχρι τοσούτου ἔως.. Thucydides Historicus 1.90 ; ἐπίσχες, absolutely, hold! stop! Aeschylus Tragicus “Ch.” 896, Sophocles Tragicus “OC” 856, etc.; ἐπίσχετε, μηδὲ συρίξητε Timocles Comicus 2.6D.; ἐπίσχετον, μάθωμεν Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 539, compare Euripides Tragicus “Hipp.” 567 ; in participle, ἐπισχὼν ὀλίγον χρόνον Herodotus Historicus 1.132 , al.; τὸ ἐπισχεῖν, opposed to τὸ παραχρῆμα, Antipho Orator 5.73; οὐ πολὺν χρόνον ἐπισχὼν ἧκεν came after a short interval, Plato Philosophus “Phd.” 59e; μικρὸν ἐπισχόντα διεφθείροντο they very shortly died, Theophrastus Philosophus “HP” 4.4.13, cf. Diocl.fragment 43; in Thucydides Historicus 2.81 οὐκ ἐπέσχον τὸ στρατόπεδον καταλαβεῖν did not halt for the purpose of occupying a camp (unless it, = 'had no intention of occupying').
__IV.2.b with genitive of things, stop or cease from, ἐπίσχες τοῦ δρόμου Aristophanes Comicus {5-6th c.BC} “Aves” 1200; τῆς πορείας Xenophon Historicus {5-6th c.BC} “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 4.2.12; τούτου Thucydides Historicus 8.31; also ἐ. περί τινος prev\. author 5.32, compare 8.5 : so with infinitive, leave off, cease to do, Xenophon Historicus “Mem.” 3.6.10 : with participle, cease doing, ἀναλῶν οὐκ ἐφέξεις Aristophanes Comicus {5-6th c.BC} “Equites” 915 (Lyric poetry), compare Euripides Tragicus “Ph.” 449.
__IV.2.c as technical term of the Sceptics, suspend judgement, doubt, 1st cStrabo Geographus 2.1.11, Philo Judaeus 1.387, Sextus Empiricus Philosophus “P.” 1.196; ἐ. ἐν τοῖς ἀδήλοις Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus {1-2nd c.AD} 2.955c; <πρὸς> τὰ ἄδηλα Arrianus Historicus “Epicteti Dissertationes” 1.7.5 .
__IV.3 middle, maintain reserve, ἐπείχετο ἡ σύγκλητος κατὰ τοὺς Ἀθηναίους Polybius Historicus 30.19.17 (assuming variant).
__V reach or extend over a space, ἐπτὰ δ᾽ ἐπέσχε πέλεθρα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.407 ; ὁπόσσον ἐπέσχε πυρὸς μένος so far as the fire reached, 23.238, compare Herodotus Historicus 7.19, Thucydides Historicus 2.77, f.l. in Hippocrates Medicus “Aër.” 5, etc.: aorist middle, ἐπέσχετο he lay outstretched, Hesiodus Epicus “Th.” 177; βούβρωστις ἐπέσχετο κόσμον _prevailed over..,?? epigram Gr. 793.5 (from Apollonia); ἀφορία ἐ. τὸν βίον Longinus Rhetor 44.1 .
__VI have power over, occupy a country, οἱ Σκύθαι τὴν Ἀσίην πᾶσαν ἐπέσχον Herodotus Historicus 1.104, compare 108, 8.32, Thucydides Historicus 2.101, 7.62 , etc.; of things, ἐπ᾽ ὀκτὼ μῆνας Κυρηναίους ὀπώρη ἐ. occupies or engages them, Herodotus Historicus 4.199; τὴν πόλιν ἐπεῖχε κλαυθμός Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus {1-2nd c.AD} “Otho” 17 ; ὧν τὰς χρόας τὸ ἡμερινὸν φῶς ἐ. _overspreads,_ Plato Philosophus {5-6th c.BC} “Respublica” 508c: κραυγῆς ἐπεχούσης τὴν ἐκκλησίαν Diodorus Siculus Historicus 13.87; πρὸ τοῦ τὰ σώματα τὰς ὠδῖνας ἐπισχεῖν Soranus Medicus 2.53 : generally, occupy, τὴν κρατίστην μοῖραν ἐ. hold the foremost place, Longinus Rhetor 9.1, compare 44.12; ὕλης ἐ. τάξιν “Stoicorum Veterum Fragmenta” 3.27; τὴν γῆν κέντρου λόγον ἐπέχουσαν Diogenes Laertius 7.155, compare “Placit.” 3. “Praef.”; τὸν τέλειον ἐ. λόγον Galenus Medicus 19.160 ; δίκην ἐπέχειν ἡμᾶς φυτῶν we are like plants, Meno Medicus “Iatr.” 6.18.
__VI.2 absolutely, prevail, predominate, ἢν μὴ λαμπρὸς ἄνεμος ἐπέχῃ Herodotus Historicus 2.96; σεισμοὶ ἐπέσχον ἐπὶ πλεῖστον μέρος γῆς Thucydides Historicus 1.23 ; πάντῃ ἐπεῖχε γαλήνη Timo 63; τῶν νεῶν ἐπὶ πολὺ τῆς θαλάσσης ἐπεχουσῶν _being spread over... Thucydides Historicus 1.50; τὴν τύχην.., ἣ νῦν ἐπέχει Demosthenes Orator 18.253; ἐτησίων ἐπεχόντων Polybius Historicus 5.5.6 .
__VI.2.b of Time, continue, τὴν θύραν ἐπεῖχε κρούων Aristophanes Comicus {5-6th c.BC} “Ecclesiazusae” 317; ἐπέχων καὶ οὐκ ἀνιείς _continuously,_ Plato Philosophus {5-6th c.BC} “Theaetetus” 165e; ἐπὶ πλείους ἡμέρας ὁ σεισμὸς ἐπεῖχεν Dio Cassius Historicus {2-3rd c.AD} 68.25 ; σκότος, νὺξ ἐπέσχε, came on, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Mar.” 20, “Crass.” 30, etc.
__VII middle, future ἐπιέξομαι, meet, Oracle texts in “Michel” 855.39 (Magnes Comicus Mae.).

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἔχω G2192 "hebben, behouden, houden";

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