G2793_κινδυνεύω
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Taal: Grieks

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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

κινδυνεύω (< κίνδυνος), [in LXX for יקשׁ H3369 ni., etc.;] 1. to be daring, to venture. 2. to be in danger: Lk 8:23, Ac 19:27, 40, I Co 15:30.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

κινδυν-εύω,
  future -σω Herodotus Historicus 8.60 .α᾽, etc.: perfect κεκινδύνευκα Lysias Orator 3.47, Polybius Historicus 5.61.4 :—passive, mostly in present: future κινδυνευθήσομαι Demosthenes Orator 30.10, κεκινδυνεύσομαι Antipho Orator 5.75 : aorist and perfect, see below 3: (κίνδυνος):—to be daring, run risk, κ. πρὸς πολλούς, πρὸς τοὺς πολεμίους, Herodotus Historicus 4.11, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 3.3.14 ; κ. εἰς τὴν Αῐγυπτον venture thither, Pherecrates Comicus 11.
__b absolutely, make a venture, take a risk, Herodotus Historicus 3.69, Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 1204 ; to be in dire peril, Thucydides Historicus 3.28, 6.33, etc. ; to be in danger, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1124b8, etc. ; of a sick person, Hippocrates Medicus “Aph. (Sp.”) 7.82, “Coac.” 374 ; especially engage in war, Isocrates Orator 1.43 ; τοῦ χωρίου κινδυνεύοντος the post being in peril, Thucydides Historicus 4.8 ; ὁ κινδυνεύων τόπος the place of danger, Polybius Historicus 3.115.6.
__2 with dative, κ. τῷ σώματι, τῇ ψυχῇ, Herodotus Historicus 2.120, 7.209 ; κ. ἁπάσῃ τῇ Ἑλλάδι run a risk with all Greece, i.e. endanger it all, prev. author 8.60. α᾽; στρατιῇ prev. author 4.80 ; τίσιν οὖν ὑμεῖς κινδυνεύσαιτ᾽ ἄν..; in what points.. ? Demosthenes Orator 9.18 ; κ. τοῖς ὅλοις πράγμασι, τῷ βίῳ, Polybius Historicus 1.70.1, 5.61.4; τῷ ζῆν “PTeb.” 44.21 (2nd c.BC) : frequently with Preps., κ. ἐν τοῖς σώμασι Lysias Orator 2.63; οὐκ ἐν τῷ Καρὶ ἀλλ᾽ ἐν υἱέσι Plato Philosophus “Laches” 187b (Pass.) ; κ. περὶ τῆς Πελοποννήσου Herodotus Historicus 8.74; περὶ τῆς ψυχῆς Antipho Orator 2.4.5, Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 524; περὶ τοῦ σώματος Andocides Orator 1.4; περὶ ἀνδραποδισμοῦ Isocrates Orator 8.37; περὶ τῆς μεγίστης ζημίας Lysias Orator 7.15; περὶ τῆς βασιλείας πρὸς Κῦρον Demosthenes Orator 15.24; περὶ αὑτῷ Antipho Orator 5.6; περὶ τοῖς φιλτάτοις Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 314a ; but κ. περὶ δισχιλίους go into battle with a force of 2, 000, Eunapius Historicus “Fragmenta Historica - HGM” p.244 Demosthenes Orator; ὑπὲρ καλλίστων Lysias Orator 2.79.
__3 with accusative cognate, venture, hazard, τοὺς ἐσχάτους κινδύνους Antipho Orator 5.82; κινδύνευμα Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 451a; μάχην Aeschines Orator 2.169 ; τὴν ψευδομαρτυρίαν hazard a prosecution for perjury, Demosthenes Orator 41.16 codices (τῶν-ιῶν Blass) :—passive, to be ventured or hazarded, μεταβολὴ κινδυνεύεται there is risk of change, Thucydides Historicus 2.43 ; ὁποτέρως ἔσται, ἐν ἀδήλῳ κινδυνεύεται remains in hazardous uncertainty, prev. author 1.78; τὰ μέγιστα κινδυνεύεται τῇ πόλει Demosthenes Orator 19.285 ; κεκινδυνευμένον a venturous enterprise, Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 5.14 ; τὰ κινδυνευθέντα, ={τὰ κινδυνεύματα}, Lysias Orator 2.54; τῶν ἤδη σφίσι καλῶς κεκινδυνευμένων Arrianus Historicus “Anabasis” 2.7.3; τὸ φιλοπόλεμον καὶ κεκ. Diodorus Siculus Historicus 2.21.
__4 with infinitive, run the risk of doing or being.., τὸν στρατὸν κινδυνεύσει ἀποβαλεῖν Herodotus Historicus 8.65; κακόν τι λαβεῖν prev. author 6.9; ἀπολέσθαι prev. author 9.89; διαφθαρῆναι Thucydides Historicus 3.74; ἀποθανεῖν Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 28b, etc.; τοῦ συντριβῆναι LXX.Jonah.1.4 +5th c.BC+; then,
__4.b to express chance, i.e. what may possibly or probably happen: with present, perfect, or aorist infinitive, κινδυνεύουσι οἱ ἄνθρωποι οὗτοι γόητες εἶναι they run a risk of being reputed conjurers, Herodotus Historicus 4.105 ; κινδυνεύσομεν βοηθεῖν we shall probably have to assist, Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 164e, compare 172c ; κ. ἡ ἀληθὴς δόξα ἐπιστήμη εἶναι seems likely to be.., prev. work 187b ; κινδυνεύσεις ἐπιδεῖξαι χρηστὸς εἶναι you will have the chance of showing your worth, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 2.3.17, compare 3.13.3 ; κ. ἀναμφιλογώτατον ἀγαθὸν εἶναι prev. work 4.2.34, compare Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 40b ; τὰ συσσίτια κινδυνεύει συναγαγεῖν he probably organized the σ., prev. author “Lg.” 625e ; κινδυνεύω πεπονθέναι ὅπερ.. prev. author “Grg.” 485e : with future infinitive, uncertain in Thucydides Historicus 4.117 ; κινδυνεύει impersonal, it may be, possibly, as an affirmatative answer, Plato Philosophus “Sophista” 256e, “Phdr.” 262c ; out of courtesy, when no real doubt is implied, κινδυνεύεις ἀληθῆ λέγειν you may very likely be right, prev. author “Smp.” 205d.
__5 passive, to be endangered or imperilled, ἐν ἑνὶ ἀνδρὶ πολλῶν ἀρετὰς κ. Thucydides Historicus 2.35; τὰ χρήματα κινδυνεύεται τῷ δανείσαντι Demosthenes Orator 34.28 :— but passive in sense of active uncertain in “GDI” 3569.4 (from Calymna).

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