G2889_κόσμος
versiering, wereld, heelal, mensheid, wereldaangelegenheden
Taal: Grieks

Onderwerpen

Aarde, Heelal, Universum, Juweel, Sieraad, Kosmologie, Parfumerie,

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Woordstudie

kosmos̱, zn. mnl.; TDNT 3:868,459; 1) Mogelijk van κομίζω G2865; 2) Anderen gaan uit van het Proto-Hellenistisch *kónsmos, van het Proto-Indo-Europees *ḱónsmos. Gerelateerd aan het Latijn cēnseō "in te schatten" en Sanskriet शंसति śaṃsati "loven, prijzen" (Robert S. P. Beekes, p. 759-760).


1) order

2) ornament, decoratie; 2a) sieraad (1 Petr. 3:3)

3) heerser, regelgever

4) wereldorde, heelal, universum; 4a) wereld (Joh. 3:16-18)

5) naam van een getal;  5a) "zes" (Pythagoras, Theol.Ar.37); 5b) "tien" (Pythagoras, Theol.Ar.59)


Bronnen


Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ [in LXX: Ge 2:1, De 4:19 17:3, Is 24:21 40:26 (צבא H6633), Ex 33:5, 6, Je 2:32 4:30, Ez 7:20 16:11 23:40 (עֲדִי H5716), Is 61:10 (כְּלִי H3627), al., Wi 2:24 and freq., Si 6:30, al;] 1. order (Hom., Plat., al.). 2. ornament, adornment, esp. of women (Hom., al.): I Pe 3:3. 3. Later, the world or universe, as an ordered system (Plat., al.): Ac 17:24, Ro 4:13, I Co 3:22, Phl 2:15, He 4:3, al. 4. In late writers only, the world, i.e. the earth (= ἡ οἰκουμένη, cf. Mt 4:8 with Lk 4:5): Mt 4:8, Mk 16:[15], Col 2:20, I Ti 6:7 (a) of the human inhabitants of the world: Mt 5:14 13:38, Mk 14:9, Jo 1:10 4:42 12:47, Ro 3:6, I Co 4:13, II Co 5:19, II Pe 2:5, al.; (b) of worldly affairs or possessions: Mt 16:26, Mk 8:36, Lk 9:25, I Co 7:31, I Jo 2:16, al.; (c) in ethical sense, of the ungodly: Jo 7:7 14:17, 27, I Co 1:21, Ja 1:27, I Jo 4:4, al.; (d) metaph.: ὁ κ. τῆς ἀδικίας, Ja 3:6.

SYN.: αἰών, q.v. (cf . also Dalman, Words, 162 ff.; Tr., Syn., § lix; Westc., additional note on Jo 1:10; DB, iv, 938 ff.).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

κόσμος, ὁ,
  order, κατὰ κόσμον in order, duly, εὖ κατὰ κ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.472, al. ; οὐ κατὰ κ. shamefully, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.179; μὰψ ἀτὰρ οὐ κατὰ κ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.214: frequently in dat., κόσμῳ καθίζειν to sit in order, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 13.77, compare Herodotus Historicus 8.67; οὐ κ... ἐλευσόμεθα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 12.225; κ. θεῖναι τὰ πάντα Herodotus Historicus 2.52, compare 7.36, etc.; διάθες τάδε κ. Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 1331 ; κ. φέρειν bear becomingly, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 3.82; δέξασθαί τινα κ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 521; σὺν κόσμῳ Herodotus Historicus 8.86, Aristoteles Philosophus “de Mundo” 398b23; ἐν κόσμῳ Hippocrates Medicus “γυναικεῖα” fragment 378, Plato Philosophus “Smp.” 223b ; κόσμῳ οὐδενὶ κοσμηθέντες in no sort of order, Herodotus Historicus 9.59 ; φεύγειν, ἀπιέναι οὐδενὶ κ., prev. author 3.13, 8.60.γ , etc.; ἀτάκτως καὶ οὐδενὶ κ. Thucydides Historicus 3.108, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 400 ; οὐκέτι τὸν αὐτὸν κ. no longer in the same order, Herodotus Historicus 9.66; οὐδένα κ. prev. work 65, 69; ἦν δ᾽ οὐδεὶς κ. τῶν ποιουμένων Thucydides Historicus 3.77 : generally, of things, natural order, γίνεται τῶν τεταρταίων ἡ κατάστασις ἐκ τούτου τοῦ κ. Hippocrates Medicus “προγνωστικόν” 20.
__2 good order, good behaviour Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 901 ; κ. χείρ, of a beggar, “Anthologia Graeca” 12.212 (Strato Epigrammaticus); κ. ἱστίον 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 1.107 ; κοῖλος μήν short month, Geminus Astronomicus 8.3, compare κοιλοποιέομαι, κοῖλος 11.3: Comp. 492 ότερος ὁλμοῦ Parmenides Poeta Philosophus 8.52 ; ἐξηγεομένων.. τὸν κ. αὐτοῦ the fashion of it, Herodotus Historicus 3.22 ; κ. τόνδε.. ὁ καταστησάμενος who established this order or from, prev. author 1.99.
__4 of states, order, government, μεταστῆσαι τὸν κ. Thucydides Historicus 4.76, compare 8.48, 67; μένειν ἐν τῷ ὀλιγαρχικῷ κ. 8.72, etc. ; especially of the Spartan constitution, Herodotus Historicus 1.65, Clearchus Historicus 3: pl., πόλεων κόσμοι Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 322c.
__II ornament, decoration, especially of women, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.187, Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 76, Herodotus Historicus 5.92. ; γυναικεῖος κ. Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 373c, etc. ; of a horse, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.145 ; of men, Herodotus Historicus 3.123, Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 397, etc. ; γλαυκόχροα κόσμον ἐλαίας, of an olive-wreath, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 3.13, compare 8.83, “P.” 2.10, etc.; κ. κυνῶν Xenophon Historicus “Cynegeticus” 6.1; κ. καὶ ἔπιπλα Lysias Orator 12.19 ; κ. ἀργυροῦς a service of plate, Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 6.231b; ἱερὸς κ. “OGI” 90.40 (Rosetta, 2nd c.BC) : plural, ornaments, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1271; οἱ περὶ τὸ σῶμα κ. Isocrates Orator 2.32 : metaphorically, of ornaments of speech, such as epithets, prev. author 9.9 (pl.), Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1408a14, “Po.” 1457b2, 1458a33 ; ἁδυμελῆ κ. κελαδεῖν to sing sweet songs of praise, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 11 (10). b2.595, Polybius Historicus 1.60.6.
__II.4 κ. νοσήματα internal complaints, Philostratus Sophista “Vita Apollonii” 3.44. ει τινί it does one credit, Herodotus Historicus 8.60, 142; γύναι, γυναιξὶ κόσμον ἡ σιγὴ φέρει Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 293; κ. τοῦτ᾽ ἐστὶν ἐμοί Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 914; οἷς κόσμος ἐστὶ καλῶς τοῦτο δρᾶν Thucydides Historicus 1.5; ἐν κόσμῳ καὶ τιμῇ εἶναί τινι Demosthenes Orator 60.36 ; of persons, σὺ ἔμοιγε μέγιστος κ. ἔσει Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 6.4.3; ἡ μεγαλοψυχία οἷον κ. τις τῶν ἀρετῶν Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1124a1.
__III ruler, regulator, title of chief magistrate in Crete, “SIG” 712.57, etc. ; collectively, body of κόσμοι, prev. work524.1 ; τοῦ κ. τοῖς πλίασι prev. work527.74: also frequently in pl., prev. work528.1, al., Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1272a6, 1st cStrabo Geographus 10.4.18, 22 ; compare κόρμος.
__IV Philos., world-order, universe, first in Pythagoras Philosophus, acc. to “Placita Philosophorum” 2.1.1, 3rd c.AD(?): Diogenes Laertius 8.48 (compare Philolaus Philosophus 21), or Parmenides Poeta Philosophus, acc. to Theophrastus Philosophus cited in D.L. same place; κόσμον τόνδε οὔτε τις θεῶν οὔτε ἀνθρώπων ἐποίησεν, ἀλλ᾽ ἦν ἀεὶ καὶ ἔστιν καὶ ἔσται πῦρ 1st c.AD(?): Heraclitus 30; ὁ καλούμενος ὑπὸ τῶν σοφιστῶν κ. Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.1.11: frequently in Plato Philosophus, “Grg.” 508a, “Ti.” 27a, al.; ἡ τοῦ ὅλου σύστασίς ἐστι κ. καὶ οὐρανός Aristoteles Philosophus “de Caelo” 280a21, compare Epicurus Philosophus “Epistulae” 2p.37U., Chrysippus Stoicus 2.168, etc.; ὁ κ. ζῷον ἔμψυχον καὶ λογικόν Posidonius Historicus cited in 3rd c.AD(?): Diogenes Laertius 7.139, compare Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 30b : sometimes of the firmament, γῆς ἁπάσης τῆς ὑπὸ τῷ κόσμῳ κειμένης Isocrates Orator 4.179; ὁ περὶ τὴν γῆν ὅλος κ. Aristoteles Philosophus “Meteorologica” 339a20 ; μετελθεῖν εἰς τὸν ἀέναον κ., of death, “OGI” 56.48 (Canopus, 3rd c.BC) ; but also, of earth, as opposed to heaven, ὁ ἐπιχθόνιος κ. Hermes Trismegistus cited in Stobaeus, Joannes 1.49.44; or as opposed to the underworld, ὁ ἄνω κ. Iamblichus Philosophus “de vita Pythagorica” 27.123 ; of any region of the universe, ὁ μετάρσιος κ. Hermes Trismegistus cited in Stobaeus, Joannes 1.49.44 ; of the sphere whose centre is the earth's centre and radius the straight line joining earth and sun, Archimedes Geometra “ψαμμίτης” 4 ; of the sphere containing the fixed stars, Plato Philosophus “Epinomis” 987b : in plural, worlds, coexistent or successive, Anaximander Philosophus et alii cited in “Placita Philosophorum” 2.1.3, cf. Epicur. same place ; also, of stars, Νὺξ μεγάλων κ. κτεάτειρα Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 356 (anap.), cf. Heraclid.et Pythagorei cited in “Placita Philosophorum” 2.13.15 (= Orphica “Fragmenta” 22) ; οἱ ἑπτὰ κ. the Seven planets, Corp.Herm. 11.7.
__IV.2 metaphorically, microcosm, ἄνθρωπος μικρὸς κ. Democritus Epigrammaticus 34; ἄνθρωπος βραχὺς κ. Philo Judaeus 2.155 ; of living beings in general, τὸ ζῷον οἷον μικρόν τινα κ. εἶναί φασιν ἄνδρες παλαιοί Galenus Medicus “de Usu Partium” 3.10.
__IV.3 in later Gr., ={οἰκουμένη}, the known or inhabited world, “OGI” 458.40 (1st c.BC), NT.Rom.1.8, etc.; ὁ τοῦ παντὸς κ. κύριος, of Nero, “SIG” 814.31, compare “IGRom.” 4.982 (from Samos) ; ἐὰν τὸν κ. ὅλον κερδήσῃ NT.Matt.16.26.
__IV.4 men in general, φανέρωσον σεαυτὸν τῷ κ. NT.John.7.4, compare 12.19 ; especially of the world as estranged from God by sin, prev. work 16.20, 17.9, al., NT.1Cor.1.21, etc.
__IV.5 οὗτος ὁ κ. this present world, i.e. earth, opposed to heaven, NT.John.13.1; regarded as the kingdom of evil, ὁ ἄρχων τοῦ κ. τούτου prev. work 12.31.
__V Pythag.name for six, Theol.Ar. 37 ; for ten, prev. work59.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks κομίζω G2865 "verzorgen, verplegen"; Grieks κοσμέω G2885 "versieren, gereed maken, voorbereiden, orde brengen (in)"; Grieks κοσμικός G2886 "aards, werelds"; Grieks κόσμιος G2887 "netjes, eerbaar, ingetogen";

Literatuur


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