Taal: Grieks


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

πατήρ, πατρός, -τρί, τέρα, [in LXX chiefly and very freq. for אָב H1;] a father 1. (a) of the male parent: Mt 2:22, Lk 1:17, Jo 4:53; anarth., He 12:7 (M, Pr., 82 f.); pl., of both parents (cl.), He 11:23; οἱ π. τ. σαρκός, He 12:9; (b) of a forefather or ancestor (in cl. usually in pl.; Hom., al.): Mt 3:9, Lk 1:73, Jo 8:39, al.; pl., Mt 23:30, 32, Lk 6:23, 26, Jo 4:20, I Co 10:1, al. 2. (a) of an author, originator, or archetype (= αἴτιος, ἀρχηγός, etc.; Pind., Plat., al.): Jo 8:41-44, Ro 4:11, 12, 16. (b) as a title of respect or honour, used of seniors, teachers and others in a position of responsible authority (Jg 17:10, II Ki 2:12, Pr 1:8, al.): Mt 23:9, Ac 7:2 22:1, I Jo 2:13. 3. (a) of created things: τ. φώτων, Ja 1:17; (b) of all sentient beings: Eph 3:14, 15, He 12:9; (c) of men, esp. those in covenant relation with Him (freq in OT and later Jewish lit.; v. Dalman, Words, 184 ff.): Mt 6:4, Lk 6:36, Jo 4:21, Ja 3:9, al.; ὁ π. ὁ ἐν (τ.) οὐρανοῖς, Mt 5:16, Mk 11:25; ὁ π. ὁ οὐράνιος, Mt 6:14 15:13; esp. in the Epp., of Christians: Ro 8:15, II Co 6:18, Ga 4:6, Eph 2:18 4:6, I Jo 2:1; c. gen. qual., τ. οἰκτιρμῶν, II Co 1:3; τ. δοξῆς, Eph 1:17; (d) of Christ (Dalman, Words (α) by our Lord himself: ὁ π., Mt 11:25-27, Lk 10:21, 22, Jo 5:20-23, al.; ὁ π. μου, Mt 11:27, al.; ὁ ἐν τ. οὐρανοῖς, Mt 7:11, al.; ὁ οὐράνιος, Mt 15:13; vocat., Jo 11:41 12:27, 28 17:1, 5, 11, 20, 25 (cf. Abbott, JG., 96 f.); (β) by Apostles: Jo 1:14 (anarth.; v. M, Pr., 82 f.), Ro 15:6, II Co 1:3 11:31, Eph 1:3, Col 1:3, He 1:5, I Pe 1:3, Re 1:6 (cf. Westc., Epp. Jo., 27-34).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

πᾰτήρ, ὁ,
  genitive and dative πατέρος, πατέρι in Epic dialect and Lyric poetry, Attic dialect πατρός, πατρί (which is also the commoner form in Homerus Epicus, Hesiodus Epicus, and Pindarus Lyricus) ; accusative always πατέρ; vocative πάτερ: plural πατέρες, πατέρας, πατέρων (πατρῶν only Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.687, 8.245) ; dative πατράσι ᾰ (cf. Sanskrit locative plural pitṛ snullu, no dative plural occurs in Homerus Epicus or Hesiodus Epicus) , late Epic dialect πατέρεσσι 4th c.AD(?): Quintus Smyrnaeus Epicus 10.40 :— father, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.98, etc. ; πατρὸς πατήρ grandfather, 14.118, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 19.180, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 6.3.4, etc.; τοῦδε κεκλῆσθαι πατρός Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 86; μητρὸς καλεῖσθαι παῖδα τοῦ π. παρόν prev. work 564 ; τὰ πρὸς πατρός by the father's side, Herodotus Historicus 7.99, compare “SIG” 1015.7 (Halic.) , etc.; especially of God, the father of the Israelites, LXX.Deu.32.6, al. ; father of men, NT.Matt.6.8, al. ; father of Jesus Christ, prev. work 7.21, al.
__II especially as epithet of Zeus, πατὴρ Ζεύς, π. Κρονίδης, π. ἀνδρῶν τε θεῶν τε, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.235, 21.508, 1.544, al. ; Ζεὺς π. Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 512, etc.; Ζεῦ πάτερ καὶ θεοί Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 225 ; π. Οὐρανιδᾶν Ζ. Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.194; ὁ τῶν ἁπάντων Ζεὺς π. Ὀλύμπιος Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 275, etc.
__III respectful mode of addressing persons older than oneself, ξεὶνε πάτερ Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 7.28, 48, 8.145, compare “POxy.” 1296.15 (3rd c.AD) , etc.; in addressing an elder brother, “UPZ” 65.3 (2nd c.BC).
__IV metaphorically, father, author, ἀοιδᾶν π... εὐαίνητος Ὀρφεύς Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.176 ; Χρόνος ὁ πάντων π. prev. author “O.” 2.17, compare Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 41a ; τοῦ λόγου π. prev. author “Smp.” 177d, compare “Phdr.” 257b, etc. ; ὁ π. τῶν φώτων, i.e. God, the father of the stars, NT.Jam.1.17 ; οἱ π. τῶν ἀτόμων the authors of the atomic theory, Galenus Medicus 1.246 ; of capital, τοῦ πατρὸς ἐκγόνους τόκους Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 555e.
__V title of a grade in the mysteries of Mithras, “IG” 14.1272, etc.
__VI π. πατρίδος, = Latin pater patriae, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Cicero” 23, “BGU” 1074.1 (1st c.AD), “IG” 7.2713.33 (Acraeph., 1st c.AD), etc.; similarly, π. τῆς πόλεως prev. work5(1).1417.11 (from Methone).
__VII in plural,
__VII.1 forefathers, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.209, etc. ; ἐξέτι πατρῶν from our fathers' time, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.245; ἐκ πατέρων Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 8.45.
__VII.2 parents, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 21.17, Alciphro Epistolographus 3.40, “epigram Gr.” 227 (from Teos).
__VII.3 parentnation, opposed to colonists, Herodotus Historicus 7.51, 8.22, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Themistocles” 9 . (Cf. Sanskritpitár-, Latin pater, etc.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks Ἀντίπας G493 "Antipas"; Grieks ἀπάτωρ G540 "vaderloos"; Grieks πατραλῴας G3964 "vadermoordenaar"; Grieks πατριά G3965 "afkomst, stam, volk"; Grieks πατρικός G3967 "vaderlijk, voorvaderlijk"; Grieks Πατροβᾶς G3969 "Patrobas"; Grieks πατροπαράδοτος G3970 "overlevering"; Grieks πατρῷος G3971 "overgeerfd"; Grieks Σώπατρος G4986 "Sopater";


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