enigszins, misschien
Taal: Grieks


Komt 2x voor in 2 Bijbelboeken.

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Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

  Ionic dialect κῶς, interrogative adverb of Manner, how? Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.123, etc. ; sometimes to express displeasure, 4.26, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 391, “Ph.” 1031, “Tr.” 192 ; to express astonishment or doubt, π. εἶπα; Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 798, Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 407, etc. ; π. λέγει; prev. author “Ph.” 1407 ; π. φῄ; Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 268, Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 575 ; π. τοῦτ᾽ ἔλεξα; Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 793 ; π. τοῦτ᾽ εἶπες α; Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 309c ; also π. μὴ φῶμεν..; surely we must, prev. author “Tht.” 161e.
__b in dialogue, to ask explanation, with a repetition of a word used by the previous speaker, δίκαια— Answ. π. δίκαι; Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 832 ; μὴ δίκαιος ὤν—Answ. π. μὴ δίκαιο; prev. author “Tr.” 412 ; συμβολάς—Answ. π. συμβολά; Alexander Rhetor 143 ; πῶς alone, how so, π., ὅς γε..; Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1386.
__2 with a second interrogative in the same clause, π. ἐκ τίνος νεώς ποτε.. ἥκετ; how and by what ship..? Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 1543; τί τἀμὰ—π. ἔχει—θεσπίσματ; prev. work 873 ; π. τί τοῦτο λέγει; how say you and what? Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 22b, compare “Tht.” 146d, 208e, etc.
__3 with genitive modi, π. ἀγῶνος ἥκομε; how are we come off in it? Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 751; π. ἔχει πλήθους ἐπισκοπεῖ Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 451c.
__4 with Verbs of selling, how? at what price? π. ὁ σῖτος ὤνιο; Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 758, compare “Eq.” 480 ; τὰ δ᾽ ἄλφιθ᾽ ὑμῖν π. ἐπώλου;—Answ. τεττάρων δραχμῶν.. τὸν κόφινον Strattis Comicus 13.
__II with other Particles, π. ἂν..; π. κε (ν)..; how possibly..? π. ἂν ἔπειτ᾽ ἀπὸ σεῖο.. λιποίμην οἶο; Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.437, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.65, etc. ; π. ἂν γένοιτ᾽ ἂν.. ποδῶν ἔκμακτρο; Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 534 : so with indicative, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.202, Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 96 (Lyric poetry), etc.
__II.b in Trag., π. ἄν with optative is frequently used to express a wish, O how might it be? i.e. would that it might..! π. ἂν θάνοιμ; π. ἂν ὀλοίμη; etc., Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 388 (Lyric poetry), Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 796 (Lyric poetry), compare “Hipp.” 208 (anap.), 345 ; rare in Comedy texts, Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 22 (a trace of this usage appears in Homerus Epicus, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.195): in later Prose, π. ἂν γένοιτο ἑσπέρ; LXX.Deu.28.67 +8th c.BC+; also with aorist subjunctive (without ἄν), π. κοιμηθ; Marcus Antoninus Imperator 9.40 ; π. μή μοι μέγας λέων ἐπιφαν; Arrianus Historicus “Epicteti Dissertationes” 4.10.10 ; with present, π. μὴ χρῄζ; M.Ant. prev. cited
__II.2 π. ἄρα..; in reply, how then? π. τ᾽ ἄρ᾽ ἴω..; Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.188, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.22, “hymnus ad Apollinem” 19, 207.
__II.3 π. γὰρ..; also in reply, as if something had gone before, that cannot be, for how can..? Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.123, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.337, etc. ; π. γὰρ κάτοιδ; Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 250, compare 1383; see below 111.1.
__II.4 π. δὲ..; to introduce a strong objection, π. δὲ σὺ νῦν μέμονας, κύον ἀδδεές..; Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.481, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 18.31 ; δόξει δὲ π.; Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 261.
__II.5 π. δ; how in the world? π. δὴ φῂς πολέμοιο μεθιέμε; Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.351, compare 18.364, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 543, etc. ; also π. γὰρ δή..; Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 16.70 ; π. δῆτα..; Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 622, 1211, Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 79, etc.
__II.6 π. καὶ..; just how..? Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 515, “Ph.” 1354, etc. ; π. δὲ καὶ..; Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 721, see at {καί} Bacchylides Lyricus 6 ; but καὶ π...; to introduce an objection, Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 1348, see at {καί} Aeschylus Tragicus 11.2: hence καὶ π. ; alone, but how? impossible! Plato Philosophus Alcaeus1.134c, “Tht.” 163d, etc.
__II.7 π. οὐ..; how not so..? i.e. surely it is so.. , π. οὐ δεινὰ εἴργασθ; Thucydides Historicus 3.66, compare Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 398, Demosthenes Orator 18.273.
__II.8 π. οὖν..; like{π. ἄρα.}.; Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 297, 340, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 568, etc. ; π. ἂν οὖν.. with optative, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 243, Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 98.
__II.9 π. ποτε..; how ever..? Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1210 (Lyric poetry), “Ph.” 687 (Lyric poetry).
__III πῶς followed by several of the abovenamed Particles is frequently used in elliptical sentences, as,
__III.1 π. γά; inserted parenthesis in a negative sentence, for how is it possible? how can or could it be? hence in emphatic denial, κἀγὼ μὲν οὐκ ἔδρασα, τοῦτ᾽ ἐπίσταμαι, οὐδ᾽ αὖ σύ· π. γά; prev. author “El.” 911 ; οὐκ ἀπορῶν (π. γά;), ὅς γε.. Demosthenes Orator 18.312, compare 21.217, Plato Philosophus “Sophista” 263c, etc. ; οὐδ᾽ ἐπὶ τὴν ἑστίαν καταφυγών (π. γὰρ ἄ;), ὅστις.. Lysias Orator 1.27 ; π. γὰρ ο; how can it but be? i.e. it must be so, Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 754, Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1307, Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 160c, al. ; π. γά; (i.e. ἄλλως ἔχει) is so used in Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 279.
__III.2 π. δ; how so? Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 601, Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 664, 673, etc. ; π. δῆτ; Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 469b ; π. δα; Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 1212.
__III.3 π. δ᾽ ο; like{π. γὰρ οὔ}; (see. above 1), Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 153b, “R.” 457a ; π. δ᾽ οὐχ; Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1015, Aristophanes Comicus “Pax” 1027; parenthetically, Sophocles Tragicus “OT” 567 ; π. δ᾽ οὐκ ἄν..; Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 759.
__III.4 π. οὖ; how then? how next? Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 1376, “Hipp.” 598, 1261, Demosthenes Orator 19.124 ; π. οὖν ἄν..; Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.2.64.
__III.5 π. δοκεῖ; parenthesis, in conversation, how think you? hence (losing all interrogative force),= λίαν, wonderfully, Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 742, “Nu.” 881, “Ach.” 24; also π. οἴει σφόδρα prev. author “Ra.” 54; compare δοκέω 1.2.
__IV π. in indirect questions for ὅπως, Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 677, Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 991 (anap.), Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 614, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.2.36, etc.; ἐθαύμαζον ἂν π... ἔδεισαν “IG” 12(3).174.28 (Cnidus, Epist.Aug.); ζητηθήσεται π. ὅτι καὶ τοῦτο ἀληθές ἐστι Sextus Empiricus Philosophus “adversus Mathematicos” 8.16.
__V in exclamations, ὦ π. πονηρόν ἐστιν ἀνθρώπου φύσις τὸ σύνολον Philemo Comicus 2 ; π. παραχρῆμα ἐξηράνθη.. ! NT.Matt.21.20 ; π. δυσκόλως.. ! NT.Mark.10.23.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks εἴ πως G1513 "indien, aangezien"; Grieks μήπως G3381 "opdat niet misschien"; Grieks πού G4225 "waar?"; Grieks -πω G4452 "toch, zelfs"; Grieks πῶς G4459 "hoe?";


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