G4576_σέβομαι
ontzag hebben voor, vereren, aanbidden
Taal: Grieks

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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

σέβω [in LXX (chiefly for יָרֵא H3372, Jos 4:24, al.) and NT always mid., σέβομαι, exc. IV Mac 5:24 ;] to worship: c. acc. pers., Mt 15:9, Mk 7:7, Ac 18:13 19:27; σεβόμενος τ. θεόν, Ac 16:14 18:7; σεβόμενοι (σ. προσήλυτοι, σ. Ἕλληνες), devout, Ac 13:43, 50 17:4, 17 (cf. προσήλυτος).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

σέβομαι,
  mostly used in present: imperfect in Herodotus Historicus 7.197 : future σεβήσομαι “POxy.” 1381.202 (2nd c.AD) : aorist ἐσέφθην Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 164, Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 254b, Porphyrius Tyrius Philosophus “Vita Plotini” 12 :—feel awe or fear before God,feel shame, οὔ νυ σέβεσθ; Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.242, compare Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 293; τιμῶν καὶ σεβόμενος Plato Philosophus “Leges” 729c ; σεφθεῖσα awe-stricken, prev. author “Phdr.” same place: rarely with infinitive, dread or fear to do a thing, σ. προσιδέσθαι.., ἀντία φάσθαι Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 694 (Lyric poetry); μιαίνειν τὸ θεῖον Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 69d; σέβεται καὶ φοβεῖται.. τό τι κινεῖν τῶν καθεστώτων prev. author “Lg.” 798b : so with accusative of things, to fear to do it, Antipho Orator 2.4.12 : with participle, σ. προσορῶν Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 250e.
__2 after Homerus Epicus , with accusative person, revere, worship, Κρονίδαν Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 6.25; θεούς Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 921, etc. ; πάντων ἀνάκτων κοινοβωμίαν prev. work 223; Λατώ Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 123 ; Λυκοῦργον σέβεσθαι worship him as a hero, Herodotus Historicus 1.66, compare 7.197; προσορῶν ὡς θεὸν σ. τινά Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 251a ; do homage to Zeus, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 937 : generally, pay honour or respect to.. , θνατοὺς ἄγαν σ. prev. work 543 (Lyric poetry) ; τὸ φίλον Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 187 (Lyric poetry), compare “Ph.” 1163 (Lyric poetry), etc.; σ. τινὰ τύχης μάκαρος Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 648.
__2.b especially of Jewish proselytes, σεβομένη τὸν θεόν NT.Act.16.14, compare Josephus Historicus “Antiquitates Judaicae” 14.7.2 ; σεβόμενοι προσήλυτοι, Ἕλληνες, NT.Act.13.43, 17.4; σεβόμεναι γυναῖκες prev. work 13.50.
__3 of things, τὰ βυβλία σεβόμενοι μεγάλως Herodotus Historicus 3.128; ὄργια Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 949; ὦ Πιερία, σέβεταί σ᾽ Εὔιος Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 566 (Lyric poetry); τὸ σῶφρον αἰδούμενος ἅμα καὶ σ. Plato Philosophus “Leges” 837c.
__II active σέβω is post- Homerus Epicus , used only in present and imperfect, worship, honour, mostly of the gods, σ. Δήμητρος πανήγυριν Archilochus Lyricus 120; πατρὸς Ὀλυμπίοιοτιμάν Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 14.12; θεούς Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 596; Νύμφας prev. author “Eu.” 22; Ἅιδην Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 777 ; τἀν Ἅιδου prev. work 780; θεῶν θέσμια prev. author “Aj.” 713 (Lyric poetry), etc. ; rare in Prose, νομίζεται θεοὺς σέβειν Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 4.4.19, compare Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 600 ; but also of parents, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1377, compare “Ant.” 511 ; of kings, prev. author “Aj.” 667, etc. ; of suppliants, Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 151 (Lyric poetry); λέγω κατ᾽ ἄνδρα, μὴ θεόν, σέβειν ἐμέ prev. author “Ag.” 925; αἰχμὴν.. μᾶλλον θεοῦ σ. prev. author “Th.” 530; σ. ὀνείρων φάσματα prev. author “Ag.” 274; τὰς ἐμὰς ἀρχὰς σ. Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 744 (εὖ σέβουσι is uncertain conjecture for εὐσεβοῦσι in Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 338, compare Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 1320, “Tr.” 85) ; σέβειν ἐν τιμῇ with accusative, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 166, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 647a: with infinitive, ὑβρίζειν ἐν κακοῖσιν οὐ σέβω, i.e. τὸ ὑβρίζειν, I do not respect, approve it, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1612; τὸ μὴ ἀδικεῖν σέβοντες prev. author “Eu.” 749 : rarely of a god, Ποσειδῶν.. τὰς ἐμὰς ἀρὰς σέβων Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 896: —σέβομαι as passive, to be reverenced, ἡ δ᾽ οἴκοι πόλις πλέον δίκῃ σέβοιτ᾽ ἄν Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 760 ; τὸ σεβόμενον reverence, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.1101d.
__II.2 less frequently absolutely, to worship, to be religious, τὸν σέβοντ᾽ εὐεργετεῖν Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 725, compare 897; οὐ γὰρ σέβεις Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 745; κρίνοντες ἐν ὁμοίῳ καὶ σέβειν καὶ μή Thucydides Historicus 2.53 ; but in all these places an object should perhaps be supplied from the context. (σέβομαι probably originally 'I shrink from.. ', of which σοβέω is the causal; perhaps cognate with Sanskrit tyajati 'desert, let go'.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀσεβής G765 "goddeloos"; Grieks εὐσεβής G2152 "vroom, plichtsgetrouw"; Grieks θεοσεβής G2318 "vroom, aanbidder (v. God)"; Grieks σεβάζομαι G4573 "vrezen, bang zijn, vereren, aanbidden"; Grieks σεμνός G4586 "vereerd, eerbiedwekkend, eerwaardig";

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