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τραπεζα "trapeza, maaltijd" lett. "tafel", samengesteld uit tetra = vier en peza = voetstuk.; tegenw. "(geld)bank"


Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

τράπεζα, -ης, ἡ [in LXX chiefly for שֻׁלְחָן H7979, also for לֶחֶם H3899, etc. ;] 1. a table, dining-table: Mt 15:27, Mk 7:28, Lk 16:21 19:23 22:21, 30; of the table of shewbread, He 9:2. By meton., of food provided (v. DB, iv, 670 a): Ac 16:34, Ro 11:9 (LXX) I Co 10:21; διακονεῖν ταῖς τ., Ac 6:2 (cf. Page, in l., but v. infr.). 2. A money-changer's table, a bank (Dem., Arist., al.): Mt 21:12, Mk 11:15, Lk 19:23, Jo 2:15; so also acc to Dr. Field (Notes, 113), Ac 6:2 (but v. supr.).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

τράπεζ-α τρᾰ, ης, ἡ,
  Doric dialect τράπεσδα Alcman Lyricus 74b :— table, especially dining-table, eating-table, frequently in Homerus Epicus, Τηλεμάχοιο τ., ἐμὴ τ., Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 17.333, 447, compare “IG” 12.330.4, Menander Comicus 518.2; τ. παραθεῖναι Herodotus Historicus 6.139, Alexander Rhetor 171; παρέκειτο τ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.476 ; τ. εἰσφέρειν, ἐπάγειν, Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 1216, Anaxandrides Comicus 2 (but ἐσῄρετο is probably conjecture) ; ἡ τ. εἰσῄρετο Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 518; τ. ἀφαιρεῖν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 19.61, Xenophon Historicus “Symposium” 2.1 (Pass.) ; αἴρειν Menander Comicus 273, compare 451; ἐκφέρειν Plato Comicus 69.2 ; ξενίη τ. the hospitable board, ἴστω Ζεύς.. ξενίη τε τ. Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.158, compare 21.28; ᾔσχυνε ξενίαν τ. κλοπαῖσι Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 401 (Lyric poetry), compare 701 (Lyric poetry) ; ὅρκον μέγαν, ἅλας τε καὶ τράπεζαν Archilochus Lyricus 96, cf. Wilcken “Chr.” 11.58 (2nd c.BC) ; ἡ ξενικὴ τ. Aeschines Orator 3.224; τοὺς τῆς πόλεως ἅλας καὶ τὴν δημοσίαν τ. prev. author 2.22 ; δέξασθαι τραπέζῃ καὶ κοίτῃ entertain at bed and board, Herodotus Historicus 5.20; κοίτης μεθέξουσα καὶ τραπέζης μόνον Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Brutus” 13; ἐπὶ τὰς αὐτὰς τ. ἰέναι Antipho Orator 2.1.10 ; τράπεζαν Περσικὴν παρετίθετο he kept a table in the Persian fashion, Thucydides Historicus 1.130; τ. κοσμεῖν Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 8.2.6, etc. ; εἰς ἀλλοτρίαν τ. ἀποβλέπειν live at other men's table, at their expense, prev. author “An.” 7.2.33 ; τὴν τ. ἀνατρέπειν upset the table, Demosthenes Orator 19.198 ; proverbial of a spendthrift, Andocides Orator 1.130 ; table dedicated to the gods, on which meats and offerings were set out, “IG” 12.190.4, 840.19, 22.1245.6, 1534.163, 1933.2, Dinarchus Orator 3.2; τ. ἱερά “PCair.Zen.” 708 (3rd c.BC); ἐπὶ τὴν τ. τῶν Διοσκόρων prev. work 569.24 (3rd c.BC) ; τ. Κυρίου, τ. δαιμονίων, NT.1Cor.10.21.
__2 table, as implying what is upon it, meal, ἄνομος τ. Herodotus Historicus 1.162, compare Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 2, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 7.3.22; also βορᾶς τ. Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1464 ; Συρακοσίων τ., proverbial of luxurious living, Aristophanes Comicus “Fragmenta” 216, compare Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 404d ; Σικελικαὶ τ. proverbial cited in Julianus Imperator “Orationes” 6.203a; πολυτελὴς τ. Epicurus Philosophus “Epistulae” 3p.64U. ; δεύτεραι τ. the second course, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.133e, Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 14.639b ; compare τράγημα.
__II money-changer's counter, ἐν ἀγορᾷ ἐπὶ τῶν τ. Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 17c, compare Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.70f; αἱ τ. τῶν κολλυβιστῶν NT.Matt.21.12 ; most frequently bank, Lys 9.5 , etc.; ἡ ἐργασία ἡ τῆς τ. the right to operate the bank, Demosthenes Orator 36.6 ; ἡ ἐγγύη ἡ ἐπὶ τὴν τ. security given to the bank, prev. author 33.10; δοῦναι ἀργύριον ἐπὶ τ. NT.Luke.19.23; τὸ ἐπὶ τὴν τ. χρέως Demosthenes Orator 33.24; οἱ ἐπὶ ταῖς τ. bankers, Isocrates Orator 17.2 ; κατασκευάζεσθαι τράπεζαν set up a bank, Isaeus Orator “fragment” 66 ; τῆς τ. ἀνασκευασθείσης the bank having been broken, Demosthenes Orator 33.9 ; δημοσία τ. public bank at Delos, “IG” 22.2336.180 (1st c.BC) ; in Egypt, “POxy.” 835 (Aug.), etc. ; βασιλικὴ τ. in Egypt, “PEleph.” 27.22 (3rd c.BC), “PTeb.” 27.70 (2nd c.BC), etc. ; χειριστὴς τῆς ἐν τῇ Πολέμωνος μερίδι τ. “PEnteux.” 38.1 (3rd c.BC) ; opposed to ἰδιωτικὴ τ. “POxy.” 305 (1st c.AD), etc.; κολλυβιστικαὶ τ. prev. work 1411.4 (3rd c.AD).
__III any table or flat surface on which a thing rests: as,
__III.1 cross bench in which the mast is fixed, Scholia Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.729 ; τ. δολωνική, see at {δολωνικός}.
__III.2 platform on which slaves were exposed for sale, Aristophanes Comicus “Fragmenta” 874.
__III.3 tablet or slab with a relief or inscription, τ. χαλκῆ Oracle texts cited in Demosthenes Orator 21.53, compare Pausanias Periegeta 8.31.3 ; at a tomb, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.838c.
__III.4 plinth of a statue, “CIG” “Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum” “Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum” 4702.7 (Egypt, 4th c.BC).
__III.4.b lamp-stand, “PSI” 4.428.39 (3rd c.BC).
__III.5 nether millstone, “BGU” 251.17 (1st c.AD), 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 7.19.
__III.6 part of a torsion engine, probably the plinth, Philo Mechanicus “(Belopoeica) Excerpte aus Philons Mechanik - Ath. Berl. Akad.” 54.2, 2nd-1st c.BC(?): Hero Mechanicus “Belopoeica” 100.1.
__III.7 part of the liver, Nicander Epicus “Theriaca” 560, Polyaenus Historicus 4.20, Rufus Medicus “περὶ ὀνομασίας” 180.
__III.8 shoulder-blade, 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 2.177.
__III.9 grinding surface of the teeth, prev. work 93, Rufus Medicus “περὶ ὀνομασίας” 54 . (The word is shortened from τετράπεζ; hence the question καὶ πόθεν ἐγὼ τρίπουν τ. λήψομα; as if this were an absurdity, Aristophanes Comicus “Fragmenta” 530; τ. τρισκελεῖς Cratinus Comicus 301: —so τρίπεζα, τρέπεδδα (which see), of three-legged tables.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks πεζῇ G3979 "te voet"; Grieks τέσσαρες G5064 "vier"; Grieks τραπεζίτης G5133 "trapezithV";

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