G2083_ἑταῖρος
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etaíros̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἑταῖρος, -ου, ὁ [in LXX chiefly for רֵעַ H7453 and cognate forms, also Si 11:6 37:2ff., al. ;] a companion, comrade: Mt 11:16 (WH, ἑτέροις); voc., as term of address, my friend: Mt 20:13 22:12 26:50.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἑταῖρ-ος,
  Epic dialect and Doric dialect also ἕγᾰρος, Cleobulus Lyricus cited in 3rd c.AD(?): Diogenes Laertius 1.93, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 988 (Lyric poetry) , ὁ:— comrade, companion, in Homerus Epicus especially of the followers of a chief, comrades-in-arms, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.179, al. ; messmate, 17.577 ; fellowslave, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.407, al.: joined with ἀνήρ, 8.584, Herodotus Historicus 5.95, Antipho Orator 1.18 ; later, as a term of address, φίλ᾽ ἑταῖρε Theognis Elegiacus 753, compare Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 482a ; ὦταῖρε Scol. cited in Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 1238, cf. NT.Matt.20.13, al.: with gen., δᾳιτὸς ἑταῖρε partner of my feast, “hymnus ad Mercurium” 436; νυκτὸς ἑ. prev. work 290 ; πόσιος καὶ βρώσιος ἑταῖροι messmates, Theognis Elegiacus 115; ἑ. ἐν πρήγματι prev. author 116.
__2 metaphorically, of things, ἐσθλὸς ἑταῖρος, of a fair wind, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 11.7, 12.149; φθόνος κενεοφρόνων ἑ. Pindarus Lyricus “Fragmenta.” 212; γέλως ἑ. ὕβρεων Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.622b: with dat., βίον..τὸν σοφοῖς ἕταρον “Anthologia Graeca” 7.470 (Meleager Epigrammaticus).
__3 pupil, disciple, e.g. of Socrates, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 2.8.1, al., compare Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1274a28; Λεύκιππος καὶ ὁ ἑ. αὐτοῦ Δημόκριτος prev. author “Metaph.” 985b4 : plural, fellow-pupils, 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 4.45.
__4 of political partisans compare (ἑταιρεία 1.2), Lysias Orator 12.43, Thucydides Historicus 8.48 ; οἱ περὶ αὐτὸν ἑ. his club-mates, Demosthenes Orator 21.20.
__5 members of a religious guild, “OGI” 573.1 (Cilicia, Jewish).
__6 rarely of lovers, 7th-6th c.BC(?): Semonides Iambographus 7.49, Aristophanes Comicus “Ecclesiazusae” 912 (Lyric poetry).
__7 ἑταῖροι, οἱ, the guards, i.e. the cavalry of the Macedonian kings, Theopompus Historicus 217, Anaximen.Lamps. cited in Harpocratio Grammaticus see at {πεζέταιρος}, Arrianus Historicus “Anabasis” 3.16.11, etc. ; to be distinguished from the king's immediate retinue (compare above 1), Theopomp. same place, Arrianus Historicus “Anabasis” 2.12.6, al. ; of the “Comites” of the Roman Emperor, Βαρβίλλῳ τῷ ἐμῷ ἑτέρῳ (sic) “PLond.” 1912.105 (Epist. Claudii), compare “SIG” 798.6 (Cyzicus, 1st c.AD, pl.).
__8 as adjective, associate of, τὸ ἐπιθυμητικὸν ἡδονῶν ἑ. Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 439d: Sup., τοῖς σεαυτοῦ ἑταιροτάτοις your closest companions, prev. author “Grg.” 487d, compare “Phd.” 89e, Dio Chrysostomus Sophista 1.44 ; σαργῶν γένος πέτρῃσιν ἑ. constant to the rocks, Oppianus Anazarbensis Epicus “Halieutica - Poetae Bucolici et Didactici” 4.267 : absolutely, of animals, gregarious, prev. author “C.” 2.325.
__II ἑταίρα, Ionic dialect ἑταίρη, Epic dialect ἑτάρη ᾰ, ἡ, companion, Ἔρις..Ἄρεος..κασιγνήτη ἑτάρη τε Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.441; Λάτω καὶ Νιόβα μάλα μὲν φίλαι ἦσαν ἔ. Sappho Lyrica 31, compare 11; φύζα, φόβου κρυόεντος ἑ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.2; φόρμιγξ.. ἣν ἄρα δαιτὶ θεοὶ ποίησαν ἑ. Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 17.271, compare “hymnus ad Mercurium” 478; Νίκην, ἣ χορικῶν ἐστιν ἑ. Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 589; μιμητικὴ..τῷ ἐν ἡμῖν ἑ. καὶ φίλη ἐστί Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 603b ; Ποσειδάωνος ἑ., of a submerged city, Callimachus Epicus “Hymnus in Delum” 101.
__II.2 courtesan, Herodotus Historicus 2.134, Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 149, Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 13.567a, 571d, etc. ; opposed to πόρνη (a common prostitute), Anaxilas Comicus 22.1 ; opposed to γαμετή, {5-6th c.BC}: Philetaerus Comicus 5; Ἀφροδίτη ἑ. Apollod.Hist. 17.

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