G2925_κρούω
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Taal: Grieks

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kroyo̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

κρούω, [in LXX: seq. ἐπί, Jg 19:22, Ca 5:2 (דִפק H1849);] c, acc., τ. αὐλαίαν, Jth 14:14*;] to strike, knock: at a door (κόπτειν, in Att.), Mt 7:7, 8, Lk 11:9, 10 12:36, Ac 12:16, Re 3:20; c. acc., τ. θύραν, Lk 13:25, Ac 12:13.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

κρούω,
  future -σω Euripides Tragicus “El.” 180 : aorist ἔκρουσα Xenophon Historicus {5-6th c.BC} “Anabasis” 4.5.18, Hyperides Orator “fragment” 201 : perfect κέκρουκα {4-5th c.AD}: Diogenianus Paroemiographus 3.38, (ἐκ-) Plato Philosophus “Phdr.” 228e, (προς-) Demosthenes Orator 21.206: —middle, aorist ἐκρουσάμην Thucydides Historicus 7.40 :—passive, aorist ἐκρούσθην Eratosthenes Epicus “Καταστερισμοί” 32 : perfect κέκρουμαι (ἀπο-) Xenophon Historicus “HG” 7.4.26, or -ουσμαι (ἀπο-) Aristophanes Comicus “Ach.” 459 :—strike, smite, ῥυτῆρι κ. γλουτόν Sophocles Tragicus “fragment” 501 ; κρούσας δὲ πλευρὰ τῶν ἵππων Euripides Tragicus “fragment” 779.6; τὸν λυχνοῦχον Lysias Orator “fragment” 83; τοῖς ποσὶ τὴν γῆν Arrianus Historicus “Anabasis” 7.1.5 ; also εἰς τὴν χεῖρα τοῖς δακτύλοις κ. with the fingers, Dio Cassius Historicus 40.16: metaph., κνῖσα κ. ῥινὸς ὑπεροχάς tickles, Ephippus Comicus 3.3.
__2 strike one against another, strike together, κ. χεῖρας clap the hands, Euripides Tragicus “Supp.” 720; τὰ ὅπλα κρουόμενα πρὸς ἄλληλα Thucydides Historicus 3.22; τὰς ἀσπίδας πρὸς τὰ δόρατα Xenophon Historicus {5-6th c.BC} “An.” same place: metaphorically, ἀλλήλων τοὺς λόγους τοῖς λόγοις ἐκρούομεν ἄν would have knocked their heads together, Plato Philosophus “Tht.” 154e.
__3 κ. πόδα (i.e. κ. τὴν γῆν τῷ ποδί), in dancing, Euripides Tragicus “El.” prev. cited (Lyric poetry); ἴχνος ἐν γᾷ κ. prev\. author “IA” 1043 (Lyric poetry).
__4 metaphorically from tapping an earthen vessel, to try whether it rings sound (compare κροῦσις 2) : examine, try, prove, κρούετε ἀπολαμβάνοντες τὸ καλόν Plato Philosophus {5-6th c.BC} “Hp.Ma.” 301b ; κἂν διαπειρώμενος κρούσῃς τὸν κόλακα Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.64d.
__5 strike a stringed instrument with a plectron, Simonides Lyricus 183, Plato Philosophus “Ly.” 209b : generally, play any instrument (see. κροῦμα, κρουματικός) , αὐλεῖ.. κρούων ἰαστί “Comedy texts Adesp.” 415 : with dative, κ. κρεμβάλοις, ={κρεμβαλίζειν}, Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 14.636d.
__6 κ. τὴν θύραν knock at the door on the outside, Aristophanes Comicus “Ec.” 317, 990 (with play on signification 8), Xenophon Historicus “Smp.” 1.11, Plato Philosophus “Prt.” 310b, 314d, etc.; κόπτειν is better Attic. acc. to Phrynichus Atticista 154; later κ. ἐπὶ τὴν θύραν Vetus Testamentum Graece redditum LXX.Judg.19.22 +5th c.BC+.
__7 κ. σταθμὸν ἑτερόζυγον, ={κρουσιμετρέω}, 1st c.AD(?): Pseudo-Phocylidea 15; ὡς μήτε κρούσῃς μήθ᾽ ὑπὲρ χεῖλος βάλῃς Sophocles Tragicus “fragment” 796; κρούων γε μὴν αὐτὰς ἐωνούμην Eupolis Comicus 184 .
__8 obscene meaning, “AB” 101, compare Aristophanes Comicus “Ec.” 990; κ. πέπλον Euripides Tragicus “Cyclops” 328 .
__9 middle, κρούεσθαι πρύμναν back water, Thucydides Historicus 1.51, 54, 3.78; αἱ πρύμναν κρουόμεναι νῆες Arrianus Historicus “Anabasis” 5.17.7 (also in active, Polybius Historicus 16.3.8); κ. ἐπὶ π. τὴν ναῦν Appianus Historicus “Bella Civilia” 5.119 : hence κρούεσθαι τὸ πτερόν fly backwards, Aelianus “NA” 3.13: —also in active, Plotinus Philosophus 2.9.18.
__10 κρούειν ἀκράτῳ, see at {πατάσσω} 11.2. (Cf. Lith. _krùšti_ 'bruise', 'pound', Lett. _krausēt_ 'thresh'.)

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