opdat niemand, niets
Taal: Grieks


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

μηδείς, -δεμία, -δέν (and -θέν, Ac 27:33, a Hellenistic form; v. Bl., § 6, 7; Thackeray, Gr., 58), related to οὐδείς as μή to οὐ, no, none, no one; neut., nothing: Mt 16:20, Mk 5:43 6:8, Lk 3:14, Ac 8:24, Ro 13:8, al.; c. gen., Ac 4:17 24:23; neut. acc., μηδέν, adverbially, in no respect, Ac 10:20 11:12; as acc. obj. after verb, βλάπτειν, Lk 4:35; ὠφελεῖσθαι, Mk 5:26; ὑστερεῖν, II Co 11:5; μεριμνᾶν, Phl 4:6; in double negation, strengthening the denial, μηκέτι μ., Mk 11:14, Ac 4:17; μὴ . . . μηδέν (μηδένα, μηδεμίαν), II Co 13:7, II Th 2:3, I Pe 3:6.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

μηδείς, μηδεμίᾰ, μηδέν
  (i.e. μηδὲ εἷς, μηδὲ μία, μηδὲ ἕν): feminine μηδὲ ἴα or μηδεΐα (or -έϊα) “IG” 12(2).6.12 (Mytil.) :— not one, not even one, nobody (in neuter nothing), once in Homerus Epicus (who elsewhere uses μή τις, see at {μήτις}), ἀναίνετο μηδὲν ἑλέσθαι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.500; μή πως.. μηδὲν ἀνύσσῃς Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 395; μηδὲν ἄγαν Pindarus Lyricus “Fragmenta.” 216, etc.: rare in pl. (μηδαμοί being used in Ion.), μηδένες ἄλλοι Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 5.4.20; μηδένας Plato Philosophus “Euthydemus” 303c.
__2 μηδὲ εἷς (so written) is found in Attic dialect Inscrr., as “IG” 12.114.41, 22.487.9 (μηδ᾽ hενί prev. work12.73.6), but is used especially in an emphatic sense, not even one, μηδὲ ἕν Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 37 : frequently with an intervening Particle or preposition, μηδ᾽ ἂν ἕνα Plato Philosophus “Cratylus” 414d; μηδ᾽ ἐν ἑνὶ χρόνῳ prev. author “Prm.” 156c; μηδ᾽ ἐξ ἑνός prev. author “Phdr.” 245d; μηδ᾽ ἐφ᾽ ἑνί prev. author “R.” 553d; μηδὲ περὶ ἑνός prev. author “Tht.” 171c ; μηδ᾽ ὑφ᾽ ἑνός, μηδ᾽ ὑπὸ μιᾶς, prev. author “Smp.” 222d, Alcaeus1.122a; μηδὲ ὑφ᾽ ἑνός “IG” 12.32.8.
__II nobody, naught, good for naught, κἄμ᾽ ἴσον τῷ μ. Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 918: pl., οὐ γὰρ ἠξίου τοὺς μηδένας prev. author “Aj.” 1114 ; μηδέν or τὸ μηδέν as substantive, naught, nothing, κεἰ τὸ μ. ἐξερῶ prev. author “Ant.” 234 ; μ. λέγειν to say what is naught, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 8.3.20, etc.; ἡ ἡμετέρη εὐδαιμονίη.. ἀπέρριπται ἐς τὸ μ. Herodotus Historicus 1.32; τοῦ μηδενὸς ἀξίη prev. author 6.137; ἐπὶ μηδὲν ἔρχεσθαι Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1000; ἐς τὸ μ. ἥκειν Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 622 ; of persons, τὸ μ. a good-for-nothing, τὸ μ. εἶναι, of a eunuch, Herodotus Historicus 8.106; τοιγὰρ σὺ δέξαι μ᾽ ἐς τὸ σὸν στέγος, τὴν μηδὲν ἐς τὸ μ. Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1166; κἂν τὸ μ. ὦ prev. author “Tr.” 1107; τὸ μ. ὄντας prev. author “Aj.” 1275; ὁ μ. ὤν prev. work 767; ὅτ᾽ οὐδὲν ὢν τοῦ μηδὲν ἀντέστης ὕπερ prev. work 1231, compare 1094, Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 843, etc. ; ἧττον αὐτοῖς ἔνι ἢ τὸ μ., i.e. it is a mere impossibility, Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 180a ; also μ. εἶναι without the Article, Lucianus Sophista “Rh.Pr.” 2.
__III neuter μηδέν as adverb, not at all, by no means, μηδὲν ἐγκέλευ᾽ ἄγαν Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 72, compare 344; μ. διαφέρειν πλὴν ὀνόματι Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 280a, etc. : with an adverb, μ. αἰνικτηρίως Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 949: frequently with Comp., μ. μᾶλλον, ἧσσον, etc., Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 280, 1329, etc. — When other negatives, also derived from μή, are used with it, they do not destroy, but strengthen the negation, μηδέποτε μηδὲν αἰσχρὸν ποιήσας ἔλπιζε λήσειν never hope to escape, when you have done anything base. Isocrates Orator 1.16 ; compare μηθείς.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks εἷς G1520 "een"; Grieks μή G3361 "niet, niet dan";


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