uitoefenen, praktiseren, ondernemen, staatszaken beheren
Taal: Grieks


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

πράσσω, (Att. -ττω, and so Ac 17:7 Rec.; cf. M, Pr., 25, 45), [in LXX chiefly for עשׂה H6213, פָּעַל H6466;] = Lat agere, as ποιέω (q.v.) = facere, 1. to do, practise, be engaged in: Ac 19:19, 36, I Co 9:17; τ. ἴδια π., to mind one's own business (τὰ ἑαυτοῦ, Soph., Plat.), I Th 4:11; intrans., to act, Ac 17:7. 2. to achieve, effect, accomplish, perform: Ac 26:20, 26, Ro 7:15 9:11, II Co 5:10, Phl 4:9; νόμον (ICC, in l.), Ro 2:25; of unworthy acts (for wh. usually ποιέω in cl.), to commit, do: Lk 22:23 23:41, Jo 3:20 5:29, Ac 3:17 5:35 16:28 25:11, 25 26:9, 31, Ro 1:32 (ICC, in l.), 2:1-3 7:19 13:4, I Co 5:2, II Co 12:21, Ga 5:21. 3. to transact, manage, hence, of payment, to exact (cl.): Lk 3:13 19:23. 4. Reflexively, of state or condition, to do or fare (Æsch., Hdt., al.): Eph 6:21; εὖ π. (v. M, Pr., 228 f.), Ac 15:29.†

SYN.: v.s. ποιέω G4160.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

  Epic dialect and Ionic dialect πρήσσω, Attic dialect πράττω (first in “IG” 12.7.11, al., Aristophanes Comicus and Xenophon Historicus) , Cretan dialect πράδδω “Leg.Gort.” 1.35 : future πράξω, Ionic dialect πρήξω: aorist ἔπραξα, Ionic dialect ἔπρηξα: perfect πέπραχα, Ionic dialect πέπρηχα, (transitive) Herodotus Historicus 5.106, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 5.2.32, “Cyr.” 3.1.15, Dinarchus Orator 3.21, Menander Comicus 619, “IG” 9(2).517.36 (Larissa, 3rd c.BC), “PHib.” 1.80.11 (3rd c.BC), (_intransitive_) Plato Comicus 187 codices, Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica ad Alexandrum” 1440a36 : pluperfect ἐπεπράχει (ν) (transitive) Xenophon Historicus same place, (_intransitive_) Appianus Historicus “Bella Civilia” 5.83 : perfect 2 πέπρᾱγα, Ion. πέπρηγα, (_intransitive_) Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 2.73, Herodotus Historicus 2.172, Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 629, “Ra.” 302, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 1.4.2, (_transitive_) Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1168b35, al., “SIG” 364.70 (Ephesus, 3rd c.BC) : pluperfect ἐπεπράγεσαν (intransitive) Thucydides Historicus 2.4, 7.24 :— perfect πέπραγα Attic dialect, πέπραχα Hellenistic, accusative to Moer. p.293 P., Phrynichus Atticista “Praeparatio Sophistica” p.103 Bacchylides Lyricus , but see above:—middle, future πράξομαι Antipho Orator “fragment” 67, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 6.2.36 (also in Pass. sense, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.243 (probably), Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 452a) : aorist ἐπραξαμην Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 287, Thucydides Historicus 4.65, etc.: —passive, future (see.above), also πραχθήσομαι Aeschines Orator 3.98, Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1359a11, etc. ; future 3 πεπράξομαι Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 861, Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 847, Eupolis Comicus 9.3 Demosthenes Orator : aorist ἐπράχθην Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 679, Thucydides Historicus 4.54, etc. : perfect πέπραγμαι Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 75, etc. (sometimes in middle sense, see below vi). ᾱ by nature, as is shown by the Ion. form πρήσσω, and by the accent in πρᾶγμα, πρᾶξις, etc.
__I in Epic dialect only, pass through, pass over, δὶς τόσσον ἅλα πρήσσοντες ἀπῆμεν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.491; ῥίμφα πρήσσοντε κέλευθον Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.282, 23.501; ῥίμφα πρήσσουσι κέλευθον Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 13.83; ὁδὸν πρήσσουσιν ὁδῖται “hymnus ad Mercurium” 203: with gen., ἵνα πρήσσωμεν ὁδοῖο Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.264, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.219 ; ὄφρα πρ. ὁδοῖο prev. work 47; ἵνα πρήσσῃσιν ὁδοῖο 3.476 : Grammars note that this sense is found only in present, “Anecdota Graeca - MSS. Bibl. Oxon.” 1.355, “Etymologicum Magnum” 688.1.
__II experience certain for- tunes, fare well or ill, ὁ στόλος οὕτως ἔπρηξε Herodotus Historicus 3.26, compare 4.77, Thucydides Historicus 7.24; so ὡς ἔπρηξε Herodotus Historicus 7.18; κατὰ νόον π. prev. author 4.97, compare Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 549; πράξασαν ὡς ἔπραξεν Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1288; εὖ πέπραγεν, ὅτι.. Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 2.73, compare Herodotus Historicus 1.24, 42, etc.; φλαύρως π. τῷ στόλῳ prev. author 6.94; π. καλῶς Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 979; χαλεπώτατα π. Thucydides Historicus 8.95; ταπεινῶς π. Isocrates Orator 5.64; ὅστις καλῶς πράττει, οὐχὶ καὶ εὖ πράττε; Plato Philosophus Alcaeus1.116b; π. εὐτυχῶς Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 701; κάλλιστα Euripides Tragicus “Heraclidae” 794 ; μακαρίως, εὐδαιμόνως, Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 629, 802 : frequently with neuter pronoun or adjective, εὖ π. τι Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1006, compare “OC” 391; μηδὲν εὖ π. Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.6.8; χρηστόν τι π. Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 341; καλά Thucydides Historicus 6.16; χείρω prev. author 7.71; μεγάλα Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 346; πάντ᾽ ἀγαθά Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 302, compare “Eq.” 683 (Lyric poetry); εὐδαίμονα Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 1359 (anap.); πολλὰ καὶ ἀγαθά Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 6.4.8; οἷον ἥθελεν Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1704 (Lyric poetry); πράξας ἅπερ ηὔχου Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 355 (anap.), compare Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 3.9.14.
__III achieve, effect, accomplish, οὔ τι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.562, 11.552, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.191, etc.; οὐδέ τι ἔργον ἐνθάδ᾽ ἔτι πρήξει 19.324, compare 16.88; χρῆμα μὲν οὐ πρήξεις, σὺ δ᾽ ἐτώσια πόλλ᾽ ἀγορεύσεις Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 402 ; κλέος ἔπραξεν won it, Pindarus Lyricus “I.” 5(4).8 ; ἔπραξε δεσμόν achieved bondage, i.e. brought it on himself, prev. author “P.” 2.40; τινὰ Νηρεΐδων π. ἄκοιτιν prev. author “N.” 5.36 ; ὕμνον π. grant power of song, prev. work 9.3 ; λεόντεσσι π. φόνον do slaughter upon them, prev. work 3.46; τὴν Κυπρίων ἀπόστασιν π. Herodotus Historicus 5.113 ; π. εἰρήνην, φιλίαν, bring it about, Demosthenes Orator 3.7, 18.162 ; π. τι παρά τινος get something from.., ὧν δέονται πάντων πεπραγότες εἶεν παρὰ βασιλέως Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 1.4.2; ἐλπὶς πράξειν τι παρὰ τῶν θεῶν ἀγαθόν Isocrates Orator 2.20 ; also, attempt, plot, δήμου κατάλυσιν Andocides Orator 3.6: with dat. pers., δαίμοσιν π. φίλα Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 660; Αοξίᾳ χάριν Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 37, compare 896 (Lyric poetry), “El.” 1133, etc.; σὺ τοῦτο πράξεις ὥστε..; Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 896 :—passive, πέπρακται τοὖργον prev. author “Pr.” 75; φεῦ φεῦ πέπρακται Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 680; τὰ πεπραγμένα Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 2.15, etc.; ἡ ἐπὶ τοῖς πεπρ. ἀδοξία Demosthenes Orator 1.11; τὰ πεπρ. λῦσαι prev. author 24.76; τὰ πραχθέντα Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 683, etc. ; τὰ ἔργα τῶν πραχθέντων the facts of what took place, Thucydides Historicus 1.22; οὐ γὰρ ἂν τό γε πραχθὲν ἀγένητον θείη Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 324b.
__III.2 absolutely, effect an object, be successful, δὸς Τηλέμαχον πρήξαντα νέεσθαι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.60; ἔπρηξας καὶ ἔπειτα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.357.
__III.3 of sexual intercourse, ἐπράχθη τὰ μέγιστα Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 2.143.
__III.4 to be busy with, σὺ μὲν τὰ σαυτῆς πρᾶσσ᾽ mind your own business, Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 678; πράττων ἔκαστος τὸ αὑτοῦ Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 247a, compare “Plt.” 307e; τὰ αὑτοῦ π. καὶ μὴ πολυπραγμονεῖν prev. author “R.” 433a, compare 400e, etc. (whereas πολλὰ π. ={πολυπραγμονεῖν}, Herodotus Historicus 5.33, Euripides Tragicus “Hercules Furens” 266, Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 228, etc.); φιλοσόφου τὰ αὑτοῦ πράξαντος καὶ οὐ πολυπραγμονήσαντος Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 526c, compare “Ap.” 33a, etc. ; οὐδ᾽ εὖ.. οἰκοῦνται αἱ πόλεις, ὅταν τὰ αὑτῶν ἕκαστοι πράττωσι (ironical) prev. author Alcaeus1.127b ; μὴ τὰ αὑτῶν π. not to act their part, prev. author “R.” 452c; π. τὰ δέοντα Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 3.8.1.
__III.5 manage affairs, do business, act, εἰπεῖν τε καὶ πρᾶξαι prev. work 2.9.4, compare 2.8.6 ; πράττειν τὰ πολιτικὰ πράγματα, τὰ τῆς πόλεως, manage state-affairs, take part in government, Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 31d, Lysias Orator 16.20; τὰ Ἀθηναίων Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 216a; οἱ τὰ κοινὰ π. καὶ πολιτευόμενοι Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1324b1: abs., without any addition, ἱκανωτάτω λέγειν τε καὶ πράττειν, of able statesmen, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.2.15, compare 4.2.1, 4; πολιτεύεσθαι καὶ π. Demosthenes Orator 18.45, compare 59, Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 317a.
__III.6 generally, transact, negotiate, manage, οἱ πράξαντες πρὸς αὐτὸν τὴν λῆψιν τῆς πόλεως Thucydides Historicus 4.114 ; Θηβαίοις τὰ πράγματα π. manage matters for their interest, Demosthenes Orator 19.77: —so in passive, τῷ Ἱπποκράτει τὰ.. πράγματα ἀπό τινων ἀνδρῶν.. ἐπράσσετο matters were negotiated with him by.., Thucydides Historicus 4.76 : but frequently absolutely, treat, negotiate, manage, act, οἱ πράσσοντες αὐτῷ prev. work 110, compare 5.76; π. πρός τινα prev. author 2.5, 4.73, etc. ; ἐς (variant{πρὸς}) τοὺς βαρβάρους, ἐς τοὺς Εἵλωτας, prev. author 1.131, 132 :—passive, ἐπράττετο οὐ πρὸς τοὺς ἄλλους Aeschines Orator 3.64; also π. τι ὑπὲρ τῶν κοινῶν Demosthenes Orator 26.2; π. ὑπὲρ τῆς πόλεως τὰ πάτρια prev. author 59.73; π. περὶ εἰρήνης Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 6.3.3; π. τῇ δύναιτο ἄριστα Herodotus Historicus 5.30; π. ὡς ἄριστα καὶ πιστότατα Thucydides Historicus 1.129; οἱ πράσσοντες the traitors, prev. author 4.89, 113 :—followed by dependent clauses, πρᾶσσε καὶ τὰ ἐμὰ καὶ τὰ σὰ ὅπῃ κάλλιστα ἕξει prev. author 1.129; ἐς τὴν Πελοπόννησον ἔπρασσεν, ὅπῃ ὠφελία τις γενήσεται prev. work 65; π. ὅπως πόλεμος γένηται prev. work 57; π. ὅπως τιμωρήσονται prev. work 56, compare 3.4, 70 , etc.: with accusative et infinitive, μὴ δεῦρο πλεῖν τὴν ναῦν ἔπραττεν Demosthenes Orator 32.22.
__III.6.b especially of secret practices and intrigues, εἴ τι μὴ ξὺν ἀργύρῳ ἐπράσσετ᾽ ἐνθένδ᾽ unless some bribery was being practised, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 125; καί τι αὐτῷ καὶ ἐπράσσετο ἐς τὰς πόλεις προδοσίας πέρι Thucydides Historicus 4.121, compare 5.83; μετάστασις ἐπράττετο Lysias Orator 30.10; τούτοις ἔπρασσον τὴν πόλιν Polybius Historicus 4.17.12 ; νῦν δ᾽ αὔτ᾽ Ἀτρεῖδαι φωτὶ παντουργῷ φρένας ἔπραξαν have jobbed them (the arms) away to a villain, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 446.
__IV practise, πόνῳ π. θεοδμάτους ἀρετάς Pindarus Lyricus “I.” 6(5).11; δίκαια ἢ ἄδικα Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 28b, etc.; ταῦτ᾽ ἔπραξάν τε καὶ ἔλεξαν Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 5.1.1; ἃ καὶ λέγειν ὀκνοῦμεν οἱ πεπραχότες Menander Comicus 619 : then absolutely, act, π. ἔργῳ μὲν σθένος βουλαῖσι δὲ φρήν Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 1.26 ; ὡς πράττοντες as doing, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 527a ; μεθ᾽ ἡμῶν ἔπραττεν, i. e. he took our side, Isaeus Orator 5.14.
__IV.2 study, δράματα 1Suidas Legal icographus see at {Ἀριστοφάνη; συλλογισμούς} Arrianus Historicus “Epicteti Dissertationes” 2.17.27 ; ἐν τοῖς πραττομένοις in the poems which are now studied, made the subject of commentaries, Scholia Nicander Epicus “Theriaca” 11.
__V with double accusative person et of things, πράττειν τινά τι do something to one, Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 1394, Isocrates Orator 12.93; ἀγαθόν τι π. τὴν πόλιν Aristophanes Comicus “Ecclesiazusae” 108.
__VI exact payment from one, αὐτοὺς ἑκατὸν τάλαντα ἔπρηξαν Herodotus Historicus 3.58 ; πράσσει με τόκον he makes me pay interest, Batrachomyomachia 185; π. τινὰ χρέος Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 3.7, compare “P.” 9.104; ὅσοι πράξεις πεπράγασιν “SIG” 364.70 (Ephesus, 3rd c.BC) ; τοὐφειλόμενον π. Δίκη Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 311 (anap.); ἀντίποινα prev. author “Pers.” 476 : frequently of tax-gatherers or other collectors of public debt, “IG” 12.116.16, al., Plato Philosophus “Leges” 774d; π. τὰς εἰσφοράς Demosthenes Orator 22.77, etc. ; φόρον ἔπρησσον παρ᾽ ἑκάστων obtained or demanded from.., Herodotus Historicus 1.106 : with accusative person, press for payment, μὴ π. τοὺς ὀφειλέτας Polybius Historicus 38.11.10 ; π. τινά τι ὑπέρ τινος demand from one as the price for a thing, Lucianus Sophista “Vit.Auct.” 18: metaph., φόνον π. exact punishment or vengeance for a murder: hence, avenge, punish, Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 624; τὰ περὶ τὸν φόνον ἀγριωτέρως π. Plato Philosophus “Leges” 867d: —passive, ὑπὸ βασιλέως πεπραγμένος φόρους called on to pay up the tribute, Thucydides Historicus 8.5 ; πραχθεὶς ὑπὸτῶνδε Lysias Orator 9.21 codices, compare Plato Philosophus “Leges” 921c :—middle, exact for oneself, πράξασθαί τινα μισθόν Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 10(11).30 ; ἀργύριον, χρήματα, Herodotus Historicus 2.126, Thucydides Historicus 4.65, compare Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 561, etc.; τὴν διπλασίαν π. τὸν ὑποφεύγοντα Plato Philosophus “Leges” 762b, compare Polybius Historicus 5.54.11; π. τοὺς ἐξάγοντας τριακοστήν Demosthenes Orator 20.32; πράσσεσθαι χρέος Antipho Orator “fragment” 67 ; φόρους πράσσεσθαι ἀπό, ἐκ τῶν πόλεων, Thucydides Historicus 8.5, 37; παρ᾽ αὐτῶν ἃ ὤφειλον Lysias Orator 17.3, compare Andocides Orator 2.11 : metaphorically of exacting punishment, etc., μεγάλ᾽ ἀντ᾽ ὀλίγων ἐπράξαο Callimachus Epicus “Lavacrum Palladis” 91: —passive perfect and pluperfect in middle sense, εἰ μὲν ἐπεπράγμην τοῦτον τὴν δίκην if I had exacted from him the full amount, Demosthenes Orator 29.2.
__VII with accusative person, πράττειν τινά deal with, finish off, euphemistic, ἔπρασσε δ᾽ ᾇπέρ νιν, ὧδε θάπτει Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 440 (Lyric poetry); πεπραγμένοι is f.l. prev. work 132.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ποιέω G4160 "maken"; Grieks πρᾶγμα G4229 "daad, voldongen feit"; Grieks πράκτωρ G4233 "dader"; Grieks πρᾶξις G4234 "handeling, handelszaak";


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