Taal: Grieks


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

interj., c. vocat., O; (a) in simple address (less freq. than in cl.; M, Pr., 71); Ac 1:1 18:14 27:21, Ro 2:1, 3 9:20, I Ti 6:20; expressing reproof, Ja 2:20; (b) in exclamations of surprise, etc.: Mt 15:28, Lk 24:25, Ac 13:10, Ro 11:33, Ga 3:1; c. nom. (Bl., § 33, 4), Mt 17:17, Mk 9:19, Lk 9:41.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

  and , an exclamation, expressing surprise, joy, or pain, O! oh! with nominative, ὢ τάλας ἐγώ Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 981, etc.; ὢ ἔβενος, ὢ χρυσός Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 15.123 : also with genitive, ὢ τῆς ἀναισχυντίας Lucianus Sophista “Pisc.” 5 ; with interrogative, ὤ, τί λέγει; Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 309d ; in the middle of a sentence, Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 362 (Lyric poetry), al.
__II with vocative, a mode of address, whether at the beginning of a sentence or in a parenthesis, ὦ Ἀχιλεῦ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.74, etc., especially in dialogue and Oratt., ἐβουλόμην, ὦ ἄνδρες, τὴν δύναμιν κτλ. Antipho. 5.1 ; in invocations of the gods, ὦ Ζεῦ τε καὶ Γῆ καὶ πολισσοῦχοι θεοί Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 69, etc.; with imper., ὦ χαῖρε prev. author “Ag.” 22, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 91 ; ὦ πρὸς θεῶν ὕπεικε prev. work 371, compare Demosthenes Orator 21.98 : sometimes following the Verb, Euripides Tragicus “Troades” 335 (Lyric poetry) ; in different number from the vocative, προσέλθετ᾽, ὦ παῖ, πατρί Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1104, compare 1112, Scholia Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 66.
__II.2 with nominative instead of vocative, ὦ δῐος αἰθήρ, ὦ φίλος, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 88, 545; ὦ γενναῖος Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 227c; ὦ οὗτος Αἴας Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 89; ὦ οὗτος οὗτος Οἰδίπους prev. author “OC” 1627 ; also οὗτος, ὦ σέ τοι (i.e. καλῶ) Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 274.
__II.3 with both together, φίλος ὦ Μενέλαε Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.189; ὦ τλάμων πάτερ Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 641 (Lyric poetry, τλᾶμον codices recentia, editions).
__II.4 with the latter of two nouns, Ἀγάμεμνον, ὦ Μενέλαε prev. author “Ph.” 794 .—In the first sense usually written ὤ, in the second ὦ: τὸ ὢ ἡνίκα θαυμαστικὸν λαμβάνεται βαρύνεται, καὶ χωρεῐ εἰς ἐπιρρηματικὴν σύνταξιν, οἷον ὢ Ἡρακλῆς “Etymologicum Magnum” 79.13: 13th-1Thomas Magister Grammaticus p.408R. prescribes ὢ with the gen., but ὦ with the voc., e.g. ὦ Ἡράκλεις, where the whole expression, and not merely the ὤ (ὦ,) expresses surprise (but Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Adverbiis;” 127.24 seems to imply ὦ in both senses); ὤ as an exclamation is found in forms like{ὤ μοι}, ὤ μοι ἐγώ, ὢ πρὸς τῶν θεῶν Demosthenes Orator same place: but ὦ πόποι δυσὶ τόνοις χρῆται Hdn.Gr. 1.503, so that ὢ πόποι is improbable,compare Theognostus Grammaticus “Can.” 158 (as emended by Lehrs “Aristarch.” 3p.119) ; ᾤμοι and ὤμοι are both recognized by “Etymologicum Magnum” 822.33, compare “Legal icon Messanense” p.413; ωιμ᾽ Sappho Lyrica “Papyrus fragments” in E. Diehl, 23.4; in Euripides Tragicus, when it stands in the middle of a sentence, it should be written ὤ, “Hipp.” 362, al.: sometimes doubled, ὢ ὢ κακά Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1214; ἰὼ ὢ ὤ Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 224 (variant{ὣ ὣ ὣ}) ; written ὼ ώ in Papyrus of Sophocles Tragicus “Ichn.” 61; tripled, ὢ ὢ ὤ Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 985 (Lyric poetry, probably) . To those who (like Dionysius Thrax Grammaticus 640.11, cf. Scholia Dionysius Thrax Grammaticus p.257H.) took ὦ for the vocative of the Article ὁ, Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Syntaxi;” 45.22 - 53 replies at length.

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